Modeling dynamic interactions and coherence between marine zooplankton and fishes linked to environmental variability

TitleModeling dynamic interactions and coherence between marine zooplankton and fishes linked to environmental variability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLiu H., Fogarty M.J, Hare J.A, Hsieh CH, Glaser S.M, Ye H, Deyle E., Sugihara G
JournalJournal of Marine Systems
Volume131
Pagination120-129
Date Published2014/03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0924-7963
Accession NumberWOS:000333501700010
Keywordsabundance; biodiversity; climate; community; Copepods; Dynamic; ecological time-series; ecosystem; Ecosystem dynamics; Environmental variability; fish populations; fluctuations; georges-bank; interactions; nonlinear dynamics; population
Abstract

The dynamics of marine fishes are closely related to lower trophic levels and the environment. Quantitatively understanding ecosystem dynamics linking environmental variability and prey resources to exploited fishes is crucial for ecosystem-based management of marine living resources. However, standard statistical models typically grounded in the concept of linear system may fail to capture the complexity of ecological processes. We have attempted to model ecosystem dynamics using a flexible, nonparametric class of nonlinear forecasting models. We analyzed annual time series of four environmental indices, 22 marine copepod taxa, and four ecologically and commercially important fish species during 1977 to 2009 on Georges Bank, a highly productive and intensively studied area of the northeast U.S. continental shelf ecosystem. We examined the underlying dynamic features of environmental indices and copepods, quantified the dynamic interactions and coherence with fishes, and explored the potential control mechanisms of ecosystem dynamics from a nonlinear perspective. We found: (I) the dynamics of marine copepods and environmental indices exhibiting clear nonlinearity; (2) little evidence of complex dynamics across taxonomic levels of copepods; (3) strong dynamic interactions and coherence between copepods and fishes; and (4) the bottom-up forcing of fishes and top-down control of copepods coexisting as target trophic levels vary. These findings highlight the nonlinear interactions among ecosystem components and the importance of marine zooplankton to fish populations which point to two forcing mechanisms likely interactively regulating the ecosystem dynamics on Georges Bank under a changing environment. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.12.003
Short TitleJ. Mar. Syst.
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