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The North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview

TitleThe North Atlantic Aerosol and Marine Ecosystem Study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsBehrenfeld M.J, Moore R.H, Hostetler C.A, Graff J., Gaube P., Russell LM, Chen G., Doney SC, Giovannoni S., Liu H.Y, Proctor C., Bolalios L.M, Baetge N., Davie-Martin C., Westberry T.K, Bates T.S, Bell T.G, Bidle K.D, Boss E.S, Brooks S.D, Cairns B., Carlson C., Halsey K., Harvey E.L, Hu C.M, Karp-Boss L., Kleb M., Menden-Deuer S., Morison F., Quinn P.K, Scarino A.J, Anderson B., Chowdhary J., Crosbie E., Ferrare R., Haire J.W, Hu Y.X, Janz S., Redemann J., Saltzman E., Shook M., Siegel D.A, Wisthaler A., Martine M.Y, Ziemba L.
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
Date Published2019/03
Type of ArticleArticle
Accession NumberWOS:000462731000001
Keywordsannual cycle; bloom; cell-death; chlorophyll-a; climate; Clouds; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; field campaigns; Marine & Freshwater Biology; marine aerosols; North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study; oceanic phytoplankton; organic-matter enrichment; plankton blooms and; seawifs; sulfur; validation; variability
Abstract

The North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) is an interdisciplinary investigation to improve understanding of Earth's ocean ecosystem-aerosol-cloud system. Specific overarching science objectives for NAAMES are to (1) characterize plankton ecosystem properties during primary phases of the annual cycle and their dependence on environmental forcings, (2) determine how these phases interact to recreate each year the conditions for an annual plankton bloom, and (3) resolve how remote marine aerosols and boundary layer clouds are influenced by plankton ecosystems. Four NAAMES field campaigns were conducted in the western subarctic Atlantic between November 2015 and April 2018, with each campaign targeting specific seasonal events in the annual plankton cycle. A broad diversity of measurements were collected during each campaign, including ship, aircraft, autonomous float and drifter, and satellite observations. Here, we present an overview of NAAMES science motives, experimental design, and measurements. We then briefly describe conditions and accomplishments during each of the four field campaigns and provide information on how to access NAAMES data. The intent of this manuscript is to familiarize the broad scientific community with NAAMES and to provide a common reference overview of the project for upcoming publications.

DOI10.3389/fmars.2019.00122
Student Publication: 
No