|Title||Observed strengthening of interbasin exchange via the Indonesian seas due to rainfall intensification|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Hu S.J, Sprintall J|
|Journal||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||australian basin; circulation; climate system; Indian; indo-pacific; interannual variability; oceans; salinity; throughflow; trends; water|
A proxy of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) transport, developed using in situ hydrographic measurements along with assimilations, shows a significant strengthening trend during the past decade. This trend is due to a freshening and subsequent increase in the halosteric component of the ITF transport associated with enhanced rainfall over the Maritime Continent over the same period. The strengthening of the ITF transport leads to a significant change in heat and freshwater exchange between the Pacific and Indian Oceans and contributes to the warming and freshening of the eastern Indian Ocean. The combined effect of the ITF transport of mass and freshwater along with tropical rainfall plays a very important role in the climate system.