Ocean observations in support of studies and forecasts of tropical and extratropical cyclones

TitleOcean observations in support of studies and forecasts of tropical and extratropical cyclones
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsDomingues R., Kuwano-Yoshida A., Chardon-Maldonado P., Todd R.E, Halliwell G., Kim H.S, Lin II, Sato K., Narazaki T., Shay L.K, Miles T., Glenn S., Zhang J.A, Jayne SR, Centurioni L, Le Henaff M., Foltz G.R, Bringas F., Ali M.M, DiMarco S.F, Hosoda S., Fukuoka T., LaCour B., Mehra A., Sanabia E.R, Gyakum J.R, Dong J., Knaff J.A, Goni G.
Date Published2019/07
Type of ArticleReview
Accession NumberWOS:000477971900001
Keywordsatlantic; barrier layer; coupled ocean-atmosphere forecasts; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; extratropical bomb cyclones; global ocean observing system; heat-content; hurricane; intensity prediction scheme; Marine & Freshwater Biology; natural hazards; observing system; ocean heat content; potential intensity; rapid development; sea-surface temperature; thermal structure; tropical cyclones; upper-ocean temperature; weather extremes

Over the past decade, measurements from the climate-oriented ocean observing system have been key to advancing the understanding of extreme weather events that originate and intensify over the ocean, such as tropical cyclones (TCs) and extratropical bomb cyclones (ECs). In order to foster further advancements to predict and better understand these extreme weather events, a need for a dedicated observing system component specifically to support studies and forecasts of TCs and ECs has been identified, but such a system has not yet been implemented. New technologies, pilot networks, targeted deployments of instruments, and state-of-the art coupled numerical models have enabled advances in research and forecast capabilities and illustrate a potential framework for future development. Here, applications and key results made possible by the different ocean observing efforts in support of studies and forecasts of TCs and ECs, as well as recent advances in observing technologies and strategies are reviewed. Then a vision and specific recommendations for the next decade are discussed.

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