|Title||Operational and economic aspects of Spirulina-based biorefinery|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Costa J.AV, Freitas B.CB, Rosa G.M, Moraes L., Morais M.G, Mitchell B.G|
|Type of Article||Review|
|Keywords||agriculture; algal biofuel production; biomass; biomass production; Bioreactor; Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; cell-growth; cyanobacteria; Energy & Fuels; life-cycle assessment; microalgae; microalgae biorefineries; nutrient; Phycocyanin; phycocyanin extraction; removal; sp leb-18; technoeconomic assessment; waste-water|
Microalgae biorefinery systems have been extensively studied from the perspective of resources, energy expenditure, biofuel production potential, and high-added value products. The genus Spirulina (Arthrospira) stands out among the microalgae of commercial importance. It accounts for over 30% of biomass produced globally because of high protein concentration and, carotenoid and phycocyanin content. Spirulina cultivation can be used to reduce greenhouse gases and for effluent treatment. Furthermore, its cellular morphology facilitates biomass recovery, which contributes to the process cost reduction. Spirulina biomass is widely applicable in food, feed, cosmetics, biofertilizers, biofuels, and biomaterials. A feasibility analysis of Spirulina biorefinery would provide specific information for the decision-making for the improvement of the Spirulina production process. In that context, this review aimed to present a parameter assessment to contribute to the economic viability of Spirulina production in a biorefinery system.