Operationalizing the social-ecological systems framework to assess sustainability

TitleOperationalizing the social-ecological systems framework to assess sustainability
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLeslie H.M, Basurto X., Nenadovic M., Sievanen L., Cavanaugh K.C, Cota-Nieto J.J, Erisman B.E, Finkbeiner E., Hinojosa-Arango G., Moreno-Baez M., Nagavarapu S., Reddy S.MW, Sanchez-Rodriguez A., Siegel K., Ulibarria-Valenzuela J.J, Weaver A.H, Aburto-Oropeza O
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published2015/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberWOS:000354390600049
Keywordsbiodiversity conservation; commons; conservation science; coupled natural and human systems; Fisheries; Governance; marine; small-scale; small-scale fisheries

Environmental governance is more effective when the scales of ecological processes are well matched with the human institutions charged with managing human-environment interactions. The social-ecological systems (SESs) framework provides guidance on how to assess the social and ecological dimensions that contribute to sustainable resource use and management, but rarely if ever has been operationalized for multiple localities in a spatially explicit, quantitative manner. Here, we use the case of small-scale fisheries in Baja California Sur, Mexico, to identify distinct SES regions and test key aspects of coupled SESs theory. Regions that exhibit greater potential for social-ecological sustainability in one dimension do not necessarily exhibit it in others, highlighting the importance of integrative, coupled system analyses when implementing spatial planning and other ecosystem-based strategies.

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