An overview of volcano infrasound: From hawaiian to plinian, local to global

TitleAn overview of volcano infrasound: From hawaiian to plinian, local to global
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFee D, Matoza RS
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Date Published2013/01
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0377-0273
Accession NumberWOS:000314203900010
Keywordsacoustics; degassing explosions; eruption; eruptive activity; explosions; Explosive eruptions; infrasound; kilauea volcano; long-period events; mount-st-helens; pressure waves; propagation; Review; sakurajima volcano; shishaldin-volcano; strombolian; volcano; vulcanian

Volcano infrasound is an increasingly useful technique for detecting, locating, characterizing, and quantifying eruptive activity, and can be used to constrain eruption source parameters. In recent years, studies of infrasound data from active volcanoes have shown clear progress towards mitigating volcanic hazards and understanding volcanic source processes. Volcano acoustic sources are shallow or aerial, thus volcano infrasound data provide valuable information on eruption dynamics and are readily combined with direct and remote observations of gas, ash, and other eruptive phenomena. The infrasound signals produced by volcanoes are indicative of the eruption style and dynamics. Here we review the diversity of infrasound signals generated by a wide variety of volcanic eruptions, from hawaiian to plinian, and the physical processes inferred to produce them. We place particular emphasis on regional (15-250 km distance) and global (>250 km distance) volcano infrasound studies, as recent work in this area has made significant advances in monitoring and characterizing remote and difficult-to-monitor eruptions. Long-range infrasonic detection of explosive volcanic eruptions is possible due to the energetic source mechanisms involved, minor atmospheric attenuation at low frequencies, and the existence of waveguides in the atmosphere. However, accurate characterization of the atmosphere and its spatiotemporal variability is required for reliable long-range sound propagation modeling and correct interpretation of global infrasound recordings. Conversely, because volcanic explosions are energetic and sometimes repetitive infrasound sources, they can be used to validate atmospheric and acoustic propagation models. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Short TitleJ. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.
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