Paleointensity from subaerial basaltic glasses from the second Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) core and implications for possible bias in data from lava flow interiors

TitlePaleointensity from subaerial basaltic glasses from the second Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) core and implications for possible bias in data from lava flow interiors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCai S., Tauxe L, Cromwell G.
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Volume122
Pagination8664-8674
Date Published2017/11
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2169-9313
Accession NumberWOS:000419102700003
Keywordscooling rate; geomagnetic-field strength; grains; hawaii; HSDP2; intensity; magnetite; multidomain; Paleointensity; selection; single-domain; subaerial basaltic glass; Thellier; trm
Abstract

In this study, we collected samples from subaerial basaltic glassy margins from the second Hawaii Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) core. We employed the rigorous IZZI method during the paleointensity experiment combined with the stringent CCRIT criteria for data selection to obtain 21 robust paleointensity estimates recorded by glassy margins from 20 lava flows. We compared our new results to published paleointensities from the interiors of the lava flows from HSDP2 and found that our data are systematically lower than those from the interiors of the same lava flows. The reasons for the discrepancy in intensity are still unclear, but one possibility that could not be absolutely excluded is the effect of cooling rate on the more slowly cooled lava flow interiors. Although our new data from the glassy margins are lower than those from the lava flow interiors, they are still overall higher than the expected field of the study site calculated from a geocentric axial dipole model with an ancient average field of 42ZAm(2), either because of a long-term local anomaly of the field in Hawaii or an insufficient age distribution of our new data (e.g., missing the time period with low field intensities).

DOI10.1002/2017jb014683
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