Pantropical climate interactions

TitlePantropical climate interactions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsCai W.J, Wu L.X, Lengaigne M., Li T., McGregor S., Kug J.S, Yu J.Y, Stuecker M.F, Santoso A., Li X.C, Ham Y.G, Chikamoto Y., Ng B., McPhaden MJ, Du Y., Dommenget D., Jia F., Kajtar J.B, Keenlyside N., Lin X.P, Luo J.J, Martin-Rey M., Ruprich-Robert Y., Wang G.J, Xie SP, Yang Y., Kang S.M, Choi J.Y, Gan B.L, Kim G.I, Kim C.E, Kim S, Kim J.H, Chang P.
JournalScience
Volume363
Pagination944-+
Date Published2019/03
Type of ArticleReview
ISBN Number0036-8075
Accession NumberWOS:000460194200035
Keywordsatlantic sst; el-nino; enso dynamics; equatorial pacific; indian-ocean dipole; indonesian seas; Multidecadal variability; Science & Technology - Other Topics; sea-surface temperature; trade winds; western tropical pacific
Abstract

The El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which originates in the Pacific, is the strongest and most well-known mode of tropical climate variability. Its reach is global, and it can force climate variations of the tropical Atlantic and Indian Oceans by perturbing the global atmospheric circulation. Less appreciated is how the tropical Atlantic and Indian Oceans affect the Pacific. Especially noteworthy is the multidecadal Atlantic warming that began in the late 1990s, because recent research suggests that it has influenced Indo-Pacific climate, the character of the ENSO cycle, and the hiatus in global surface warming. Discovery of these pantropical interactions provides a pathway forward for improving predictions of climate variability in the current climate and for refining projections of future climate under different anthropogenic forcing scenarios.

DOI10.1126/science.aav4236
Student Publication: 
No