|Title||Particle concentrations in occupational settings measured with a Nanoparticle Respiratory Deposition (NRD) Sampler|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Stebounova L.V, Gonzalez-Pech N.I, Park J.H, Anthony T.R, Grassian VH, Peters T.M|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||aerosol; exposure assessment; health; iron foundry; nano MOUDI; nanomaterials; nanoparticle mass concentration; NRD sampler; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health; respiratory deposition curve; shooting range; welding fume; workplaces|
There is an increasing need to evaluate concentrations of nanoparticles in occupational settings due to their potential negative health effects.The Nanoparticle Respiratory Deposition (NRD) personal sampler was developed to collect nanoparticles separately from larger particles in the breathing zone of workers, while simultaneously providing a measure of respirable mass concentration.This study compared concentrations measured with the NRD sampler to those measured with a nano Micro Orifice Uniform-Deposit Impactor (nanoMOUDI) and respirable samplers in three workplaces. The NRD sampler performed well at two out of three locations, where over 90% of metal particles by mass were submicrometer particle size (a heavy vehicle machining and assembly facility and a shooting range). At the heavy vehicle facility, the mean metal mass concentration of particles collected on the diffusion stage of the NRD was 42.5 +/- 10.0 mu g/m(3), within 5% of the nanoMOUDI concentration of 44.4 +/- 7.4 mu g/m(3). At the shooting range, the mass concentration for the diffusion stage of the NRD was 5.9 mu g/m(3), 28% above the nanoMOUDI concentration of 4.6 mu g/m(3). In contrast, less favorable results were obtained at an iron foundry, where 95% of metal particles by mass were larger than 1 mu m.The accuracy of nanoparticle collection by NRD diffusion stage may have been compromised by high concentrations of coarse particles at the iron foundry, where the NRD collected almost 5-fold more nanoparticle mass compared to the nanoMOUDI on one sampling day and was more than 40% different on other sampling days. The respirable concentrations measured by NRD samplers agreed well with concentrations measured by respirable samplers at all sampling locations. Overall, the NRD sampler accurately measured concentrations of nanoparticles in industrial environments when concentrations of large, coarse mode, particles were low.