|Title||Patterns of microbial community biomass, composition and HPLC diagnostic pigments in the Costa Rica upwelling dome|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Taylor A.G, Landry MR, Freibott A., Selph K.E, Gutierrez-Rodriguez A.|
|Journal||Journal of Plankton Research|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||arabian sea; baja-california; biomass; central equatorial pacific; cytometry; eastern tropical pacific; Epifluorescence microscopy; flow; high-nutrient; HPLC pigments; iron fertilization; microbial community; pacific; plankton community; station aloha; subtropical north; temporal dynamics|
We investigated biomass, size-structure, composition, depth distributions and spatial variability of the phytoplankton community in the Costa Rica Dome (CRD) in June-July 2010. Euphotic zone profiles were sampled daily during Lagrangian experiments in and out of the dome region, and the community was analyzed using a combination of digital epifluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and HPLC pigments. The mean depth-integrated biomass of phytoplankton ranged 2-fold, from 1089 to 1858 mg C m(-2) (mean+/-SE = 1378+/-112 mg C m(-2)), among 4 water parcels tracked for 4 days. Corresponding mean (+/-SE) integrated values for total chlorophyll a (Chl a) and the ratio of autotrophic carbon to Chl a were 24.1+/-1.5 mg Chl a m(-2) and 57.5+/-3.4, respectively. Absolute and relative contributions of picophytoplankton (similar to 60%), Synechococcus (>33%) and Prochlorococcus (17%) to phytoplankton community biomass were highest in the central dome region, while >20 mu m phytoplankton accounted for <= 10%, and diatoms, <2%, of biomass in all areas. Nonetheless, autotrophic flagellates, dominated by dinoflagellates, exceeded biomass contributions of Synechococcus at all locations. Order-of-magnitude discrepancies in the relative contributions of diatoms (overestimated) and dinoflagellates (underestimated) based on diagnostic pigments relative to microscopy highlight potential significant biases associated with making community inferences from pigments.