|Title||Photopiperazines A-D, photosensitive interconverting diketopiperazines with significant and selective activity against U87 glioblastoma cells, from a rare, marine-derived actinomycete of the family Streptomycetaceae|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Kim M.C, Cullum R., Machado H., Smith A.J, Yang I., Rodvold J.J, Fenical W|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||2,5-diketopiperazines; agent; antimicrotubule; enzymatic-synthesis; medicinal chemistry; Pharmacology & Pharmacy; Plant Sciences|
Photopiperazines A-D (1-4), unsaturated diketopiperazine derivatives, were isolated from the culture broth of a rare, marine-derived actinomycete bacterium, strain AJS-327. This strain shows very poor 16S rRNA sequence similarity to other members of the actinomycete family Streptomycetaceae, indicating it is likely a new lineage within this group. The structures of the photopiperazines were defined by analysis of HR-ESI-TOF-MS spectra in conjunction with the interpretation of 1D and 2D NMR data. The photopiperazines are sensitive to light, causing interconversion among the four olefin geometrical isomers, which made purification of each isomer challenging. The photopiperazines are highly cytotoxic metabolites that show selective toxicity toward U87 glioblastoma and SKOV3 ovarian cancer cell lines.