Phytoplankton plasticity drives large variability in carbon fixation efficiency

TitlePhytoplankton plasticity drives large variability in carbon fixation efficiency
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAyata S.D, Levy M., Aumont O., Resplandy L., Tagliabue A., Sciandra A., Bernard O.
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Date Published2014/12
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000348916500041
Keywordsatlantic; bloom; dynamics; marine plankton; model; nitrogen; ocean; overconsumption; phosphorus; phytoplankton; production; ratio; stoichiometry

Phytoplankton C:N stoichiometry is highly flexible due to physiological plasticity, which could lead to high variations in carbon fixation efficiency (carbon consumption relative to nitrogen). However, the magnitude, as well as the spatial and temporal scales of variability, remains poorly constrained. We used a high-resolution biogeochemical model resolving various scales from small to high, spatially and temporally, in order to quantify and better understand this variability. We find that phytoplankton C:N ratio is highly variable at all spatial and temporal scales (5-12molC/molN), from mesoscale to regional scale, and is mainly driven by nitrogen supply. Carbon fixation efficiency varies accordingly at all scales (30%), with higher values under oligotrophic conditions and lower values under eutrophic conditions. Hence, phytoplankton plasticity may act as a buffer by attenuating carbon sequestration variability. Our results have implications for in situ estimations of C:N ratios and for future predictions under high CO2 world.

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