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From pole to pole: 33 years of physical oceanography onboard R/V Polarstern

TitleFrom pole to pole: 33 years of physical oceanography onboard R/V Polarstern
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDriemel A., Fahrbach E., Rohardt G., Beszczynska-Moller A., Boetius A., Budeus G., Cisewski B., Engbrodt R., Gauger S., Geibert W., Geprags P., Gerdes D., Gersonde R., Gordon A.L, Grobe H., Hellmer H.H, Isla E, Jacobs S.S, Janout M., Jokat W., Klages M., Kuhn G., Meincke J., Ober S., Osterhus S., Peterson R.G, Rabe B., Rudels B., Schauer U., Schroder M., Schumacher S., Sieger R., Sildam J., Soltwedel T., Stangeew E., Stein M., Strass V.H, Thiede J., Tippenhauer S., Veth C., von Appen W., Weirig M., Wisotzki A., Wolf-Gladrow D.A, Kanzow T.
JournalEarth System Science Data
Date Published2017/03
Type of ArticleArticle; Data Paper
ISBN Number1866-3508
Accession NumberWOS:000397887600001

Measuring temperature and salinity profiles in the world's oceans is crucial to understanding ocean dynamics and its influence on the heat budget, the water cycle, the marine environment and on our climate. Since 1983 the German research vessel and icebreaker Polarstern has been the platform of numerous CTD (conductivity, temperature, depth instrument) deployments in the Arctic and the Antarctic. We report on a unique data collection spanning 33 years of polar CTD data. In total 131 data sets (1 data set per cruise leg) containing data from 10 063 CTD casts are now freely available at doi: 10.1594/PANGAEA.860066. During this long period five CTD types with different characteristics and accuracies have been used. Therefore the instruments and processing procedures (sensor calibration, data validation, etc.) are described in detail. This compilation is special not only with regard to the quantity but also the quality of the data -the latter indicated for each data set using defined quality codes. The complete data collection includes a number of repeated sections for which the quality code can be used to investigate and evaluate long-term changes. Beginning with 2010, the salinity measurements presented here are of the highest quality possible in this field owing to the introduction of the OPTIMARE Precision Salinometer.

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