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Polyphosphate adsorption and hydrolysis on aluminum oxides

TitlePolyphosphate adsorption and hydrolysis on aluminum oxides
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsWan B., Huang R.X, Diaz J.M, Tang Y.Z
Date Published2019/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0013-936X
Accession NumberWOS:000482521600022
KeywordsDesorption; Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; gamma-alumina; hydroxide; inorganic polyphosphate; myoinositol hexakisphosphate; p-31 nmr; phosphate; phosphorus; solid-state nmr; sorption

The geochemical behaviors of phosphate-containing species at mineral-water interfaces are of fundamental importance for controlling phosphorus mobility, fate, and bioavailability. This study investigates the sorption and hydrolysis of polyphosphate (a group of important long-chained phosphate molecules) on aluminum oxides in the presence of divalent metal cations (Ca2+, Cu-,(2+) Mg2+, Mn2+, and Zn2+) at pH 6-8. gamma-Al2O3 with three particle sizes (5, 35, and 70 nm) was used as an analogue of natural aluminum oxides to investigate the particle size effect. All metal cations enhanced polyphosphate hydrolysis at different levels, with Ca2+ showing the most significant enhancement, and the difference in the enhancement might be due to the intrinsic affinity of metal cations to polyphosphate. In the presence of Ca2+, the hydrolysis rate decreased with increasing mineral particle size. Solid-state P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) revealed the main surface P species to be amorphous calcium phosphate precipitates, phosphate groups in polyphosphate that formed direct bonds with the mineral surface as inner-sphere complexes, and phosphate groups in polyphosphate that were not directly bonded to the mineral surfaces. Our results reveal the critical roles of mineral water interface processes and divalent metal cations on controlling polyphosphate speciation and transformation and phosphorus cycling.

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