|Title||Polyphosphate adsorption and hydrolysis on aluminum oxides|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Wan B., Huang R.X, Diaz J.M, Tang Y.Z|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||Desorption; Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; gamma-alumina; hydroxide; inorganic polyphosphate; myoinositol hexakisphosphate; p-31 nmr; phosphate; phosphorus; solid-state nmr; sorption|
The geochemical behaviors of phosphate-containing species at mineral-water interfaces are of fundamental importance for controlling phosphorus mobility, fate, and bioavailability. This study investigates the sorption and hydrolysis of polyphosphate (a group of important long-chained phosphate molecules) on aluminum oxides in the presence of divalent metal cations (Ca2+, Cu-,(2+) Mg2+, Mn2+, and Zn2+) at pH 6-8. gamma-Al2O3 with three particle sizes (5, 35, and 70 nm) was used as an analogue of natural aluminum oxides to investigate the particle size effect. All metal cations enhanced polyphosphate hydrolysis at different levels, with Ca2+ showing the most significant enhancement, and the difference in the enhancement might be due to the intrinsic affinity of metal cations to polyphosphate. In the presence of Ca2+, the hydrolysis rate decreased with increasing mineral particle size. Solid-state P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) revealed the main surface P species to be amorphous calcium phosphate precipitates, phosphate groups in polyphosphate that formed direct bonds with the mineral surface as inner-sphere complexes, and phosphate groups in polyphosphate that were not directly bonded to the mineral surfaces. Our results reveal the critical roles of mineral water interface processes and divalent metal cations on controlling polyphosphate speciation and transformation and phosphorus cycling.