Recovering coseismic point ground tilts from collocated high-rate GPS and accelerometers

TitleRecovering coseismic point ground tilts from collocated high-rate GPS and accelerometers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGeng JH, Melgar D, Bock Y, Pantoli E., Restrepo J.
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Date Published2013/10
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000326311600023
Keywordsaccelerometers; array observations; california; Coseismic point tilts; earthquake; explosions; High-rate GPS; Integration; parkfield; robust; rotational motions; Seismology; swarm; taiwan

Rotational along with translational and strain measurements are essential for a complete description of the motion of a deformable body in a seismic event. We propose a new seismogeodetic approach where collocated high-rate GPS and accelerometer measurements are combined to estimate permanent and dynamic coseismic ground tilts at a point, whereas at present, only dynamic tilts are measured with either a dense seismic array or an expensive ring laser gyroscope. We estimate point tilts for a five-story structure on a shake table subjected to 13 earthquake strong motion records of increasing intensity. For the most intense record from the 2002 M7.9 Denali earthquake, we observe a peak-to-peak dynamic tilt of 0.12 degrees and a permanent tilt of 0.16 degrees for the structure's roof. Point tilts derived from networks of collocated GPS and accelerometers can be used to estimate the rotational component of the seismic wavefield for improved earthquake source characterization.

Integrated Research Themes: 
Student Publication: