The role of mud volcanism and deep-seated dewatering processes in the Nankai Trough accretionary prism and Kumano Basin, Japan

TitleThe role of mud volcanism and deep-seated dewatering processes in the Nankai Trough accretionary prism and Kumano Basin, Japan
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMenapace W., Volker D., Kaul N., Tryon M.D, Kopf A.J
JournalGeochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Date Published2017/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1525-2027
Accession NumberWOS:000407477800006
Keywordscosta-rica; diffuse flow; eastern mediterranean sea; field seaward; fluid-flow; fore-arc basin; Geochemistry & Geophysics; heat-flow; Kumano Basin; modeling; Mud volcanism and water budget Japan; normal-fault populations; seismogenic zone; southwest japan; subduction zone; subduction zone water; Water budget

Circulation of water at moderate depths in subduction zones is dominantly driven by clay mineral dehydration over distinct pressure and temperature gradients. The signature of these dehydration reactions is found in mud volcano pore waters, however, it is largely unknown, how much of the deep-seated fluids are emitted at mud volcanoes. To unravel this relation for the region off the Kii Peninsula, Japan, we calculated the water volume that is subducted in the Nankai Trough using input data from IODP holes C0011 and C0012 and the correspondent water volume released from the subducted plate under the Kumano Basin, in an area where 13 mud volcanoes are located. According to our model, water released at depth in the mud volcano area is derived almost entirely from basaltic saponite and sedimentary smectite transformation [up to 96%]. Nonetheless, the mud volcanoes themselves expel <<1% of the total volume. To test the contribution of the accreted strata and the Kumano Basin fill to the water budget, we run a second model. Water loss due to compaction of sediments and smectite-illite transition below the basin floor have been calculated. The results were compared with salinity measurements on background cores scattered in the study area to extrapolate the volume of water loss at depth. The comparison of the two methods yielded similar results and led us to conclude that the bulk part of the deep-seated fluid reenters the hydrosphere via the basin floor, a mechanism rarely taken into account in fluid budgets in the literature.

Short TitleGeochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
Student Publication: