On the role of particle inorganic mixing state in the reactive uptake of N2O5 to ambient aerosol particles

TitleOn the role of particle inorganic mixing state in the reactive uptake of N2O5 to ambient aerosol particles
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRyder OS, Ault AP, Cahill JF, Guasco TL, Riedel T.P, Cuadra-Rodriguez LA, Gaston C.J, Fitzgerald E., Lee C., Prather KA, Bertram TH
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume48
Pagination1618-1627
Date Published2014/02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0013-936X
Accession NumberWOS:000331015100034
Keywordsflow reactor; heterogeneous reaction; hydrolysis; nitrate; organic-compounds; phase; salt aerosol; sea spray aerosol; sulfuric-acid; surfactant
Abstract

The rates of heterogeneous reactions of trace gases with aerosol particles are complex functions of particle chemical composition, morphology, and phase state. Currently, the majority of model parametrizations of heterogeneous reaction kinetics focus on the population average of aerosol particle mass, assuming that individual particles have the same chemical composition as the average state. Here we assess the impact of particle mixing state on heterogeneous reaction kinetics using the N2O5 reactive uptake coefficient, gamma(N2O5), and dependence on the particulate chloride-to-nitrate ratio (nCl(-)/nNO(3)(-)). We describe the first simultaneous ambient observations of single particle chemical composition and in situ determinations of gamma(N2O5). When accounting for particulate (nCl(-)/nNO(3)(-)) mixing state, model parametrizations of gamma(N2O5) continue to overpredict gamma(N2O5) by more than a factor of 2 in polluted coastal regions, suggesting that chemical composition and physical phase state of particulate organics likely control gamma(N2O5) in these air masses. In contrast, direct measurement of gamma(N2O5) in air masses of marine origin are well captured by model parametrizations and reveal limited suppression of gamma(N2O5), indicating that the organic mass fraction of fresh sea spray aerosol at this location does not suppress gamma(N2O5). We provide an observation-based framework for assessing the impact of particle mixing state on gas-particle interactions.

DOI10.1021/es4042622
Short TitleEnviron. Sci. Technol.
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Student Publication: 
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