sAC from aquatic organisms as a model to study the evolution of acid/base sensing

TitlesAC from aquatic organisms as a model to study the evolution of acid/base sensing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTresguerres M
JournalBiochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Date Published2014/06
ISBN Number0006-3002 (Print)<br/>0006-3002 (Linking)
Accession Number24971688

Soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is poised to play multiple physiological roles as an acid/base (A/B) sensor in aquatic organisms. Many of these roles are probably similar to those in mammals; a striking example is the evolutionary conservation of a mechanism involving sAC, carbonic anhydrase and vacuolar H+-ATPase that acts as a sensor system and regulator of extracellular A/B in shark gills and mammalian epididymis and kidney. Additionally, the aquatic environment presents unique A/B and physiological challenges; therefore, sACs from aquatic organisms have likely evolved distinct kinetic properties as well as distinct physiological roles. sACs from aquatic organisms offer an excellent opportunity for studying the evolution of A/B sensing at both the molecular and whole organism levels. Moreover, this information could help understand and predict organismal responses to environmental stress based on mechanistic models.This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "The Role of Soluble Adenylyl Cyclase in Health and Disease," guest edited by J. Buck and L. R. Levin.

Alternate JournalBiochimica et biophysica acta
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