A sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic

TitleA sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLozier M.S, Li F., Bacon S., Bahr F., Bower A.S, Cunningham S.A, de Jong M.F, de Steur L., Deyoung B., Fischer J., Gary S.F, Greenan B.JW, Holliday N.P, Houk A., Houpert L., Inall M.E, Johns W.E, Johnson H.L, Johnson C., Karstensen J, Koman G., Le Bras I.A, Lin X., Mackay N., Marshall D.P, Mercier H., Oltmanns M., Pickart R.S, Ramsey A.L, Rayner D., Straneo F, Thierry V., Torres D.J, Williams R.G, Wilson C., Yang J., Yashayaev I., Zhao J.
JournalScience
Volume363
Pagination516-+
Date Published2019/02
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0036-8075
Accession NumberWOS:000457409400046
Keywordscirculation; Deep convection; fresh-water; heat; interannual variability; labrador sea; ocean; Science & Technology - Other Topics; transport; trends; volume
Abstract

To provide an observational basis for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projections of a slowing Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (MOC) in the 21st century, the Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Program (OSNAP) observing system was launched in the summer of 2014. The first 21-month record reveals a highly variable overturning circulation responsible for the majority of the heat and freshwater transport across the OSNAP line. In a departure from the prevailing view that changes in deep water formation in the Labrador Sea dominate MOC variability, these results suggest that the conversion of warm, salty, shallow Atlantic waters into colder, fresher, deep waters that move southward in the Irminger and Iceland basins is largely responsible for overturning and its variability in the subpolar basin.

DOI10.1126/science.aau6592
Student Publication: 
No