Seasonal fluctuations in ionic concentrations drive microbial succession in a hypersaline lake community

TitleSeasonal fluctuations in ionic concentrations drive microbial succession in a hypersaline lake community
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPodell S, Emerson J.B, Jones C.M, Ugalde JA, Welch S., Heidelberg KB, Banfield JF, Allen EE
JournalIsme Journal
Date Published2014/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1751-7362
Accession NumberWOS:000334912000003
Keywordsarchaea; australia; cultivation; diversity; genome; halophile; halophilic bacteria; hypersaline; life; magnesium; metagenome; microbial succession; rhodopsins; salt lake; square archaeon

Microbial community succession was examined over a two-year period using spatially and temporally coordinated water chemistry measurements, metagenomic sequencing, phylogenetic binning and de novo metagenomic assembly in the extreme hypersaline habitat of Lake Tyrrell, Victoria, Australia. Relative abundances of Haloquadratum-related sequences were positively correlated with co-varying concentrations of potassium, magnesium and sulfate, but not sodium, chloride or calcium ions, while relative abundances of Halorubrum, Haloarcula, Halonotius, Halobaculum and Salinibacter-related sequences correlated negatively with Haloquadratum and these same ionic factors. Nanohaloarchaea and Halorhabdus-related sequence abundances were inversely correlated with each other, but not other taxonomic groups. These data, along with predicted gene functions from nearly-complete assembled population metagenomes, suggest different ecological phenotypes for Nanohaloarchaea and Halorhabdus-related strains versus other community members. Nucleotide percent G+C compositions were consistently lower in community metagenomic reads from summer versus winter samples. The same seasonal G+C trends were observed within taxonomically binned read subsets from each of seven different genus-level archaeal groups. Relative seasonal abundances were also linked to percent G+C for assembled population genomes. Together, these data suggest that extreme ionic conditions may exert selective pressure on archaeal populations at the level of genomic nucleotide composition, thus contributing to seasonal successional processes. Despite the unavailability of cultured representatives for most of the organisms identified in this study, effective coordination of physical and biological measurements has enabled discovery and quantification of unexpected taxon-specific, environmentally mediated factors influencing microbial community structure.

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