Securing ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change

TitleSecuring ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRuckelshaus M, Doney SC, Galindo HM, Barry JP, Chan F, Duffy JE, English CA, Gaines SD, Grebmeier JM, Hollowed AB, Knowlton N, Polovina J, Rabalais NN, Sydeman WJ, Talley LD
JournalMarine Policy
Date Published2013/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0308-597X
Accession NumberWOS:000317539200018
KeywordsClimate adaptation; Coastal hazards; coastal vegetation; coral-reefs; Ecosystem services; Fisheries; Fisheries management; impacts; mangrove forests; marine protected areas; recovery; resilience; Tourism; Trade-offs; tsunami

Benefits humans rely on from the ocean - marine ecosystem services - are increasingly vulnerable under future climate. This paper reviews how three valued services have, and will continue to, shift under climate change: (1) capture fisheries, (2) food from aquaculture, and (3) protection from coastal hazards such as storms and sea-level rise. Climate adaptation planning is just beginning for fisheries, aquaculture production, and risk mitigation for coastal erosion and inundation. A few examples are highlighted, showing the promise of considering multiple ecosystem services in developing approaches to adapt to sea-level rise, ocean acidification, and rising sea temperatures. Ecosystem-based adaptation in fisheries and along coastlines and changes in aquaculture practices can improve resilience of species and habitats to future environmental challenges. Opportunities to use market incentives - such as compensation for services or nutrient trading schemes - are relatively untested in marine systems. Relocation of communities in response to rising sea levels illustrates the urgent need to manage human activities and investments in ecosystems to provide a sustainable flow of benefits in the face of future climate change. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Short TitleMar. Pol.