Sedimentary evidence of historical and prehistorical earthquakes along the Venta de Bravo Fault System, Acambay Graben (Central Mexico)

TitleSedimentary evidence of historical and prehistorical earthquakes along the Venta de Bravo Fault System, Acambay Graben (Central Mexico)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLacan P., Ortuno M., Audin L., Perea H., Baize S., Aguirre-Diaz G., Zuniga F.R
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume365
Pagination62-77
Date Published2018/03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0037-0738
Accession NumberWOS:000427102900005
KeywordsAcambay Graben; Active faults; Central Mexico; displacement; extension; Geology; ground motion; Paleoearthquakes; paleoseismology; pastores; record; rupture; Sedimentary recording; seismic hazard; seismic-hazard analysis; volcanic belt; zone
Abstract

The Venta de Bravo normal fault is one of the longest structures in the intra-arc fault system of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. It defines, together with the Pastores Fault, the 80 km long southern margin of the Acambay Graben. We focus on the westernmost segment of the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new paleoseismological information, evaluate its earthquake history, and assess the related seismic hazard. We analyzed five trenches, distributed at three different sites, in which Holocene surface faulting offsets interbedded volcanoclastic, fiuvio-lacustrine and colluvial deposits. Despite the lack of known historical destructive earthquakes along this fault, we found evidence of at least eight earthquakes during the late Quaternary. Our results indicate that this is one of the major seismic sources of the Acambay Graben, capable of producing by itself earthquakes with magnitudes (M-w) up to 6.9, with a slip rate of 0.22-0.24 mm yr(-1) and a recurrence interval between 1940 and 2390 years. In addition, a possible multi-fault rupture of the Venta de Bravo Fault together with other faults of the Acambay Graben could result in a Mw > 7 earthquake. These new slip rates, earthquake recurrence rates, and estimation of slips per event help advance our understanding of the seismic hazard posed by the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new parameters for further hazard assessment. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.12.008
Short TitleSediment. Geol.
Student Publication: 
No
sharknado