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Seismogeodetic p-wave amplitude: No evidence for strong determinism

TitleSeismogeodetic p-wave amplitude: No evidence for strong determinism
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGoldberg D.E, Melgar D, Bock Y
Date Published2019/10
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000497365500021
Keywordscalifornia; displacements; earthquake; Geology; GPS; robust

Whether the final properties of large earthquakes can be inferred from initial observations of rupture (deterministic rupture) is valuable for understanding earthquake source processes and is critical for operational earthquake and tsunami early warning. Initial (P-wave) characteristics of small to moderate earthquakes scale with magnitude, yet observations of large to great earthquakes saturate, resulting in magnitude underestimation. Whether saturation is inherent to earthquake dynamics or rather is due to unreliable observation of long-period signals with inertial seismic instrumentation is unclear. Seismogeodetic methods are better suited for broadband observation of large events in the near-field. In this study, we investigate the deterministic potential of seismogeodetically derived P-wave amplitude using a dataset of 14 medium-to-great earthquakes around Japan. Our results indicate that seismogeodetic P-wave amplitude is not a reliable predictor of magnitude, opposing the notion of strong determinism in the first few seconds of rupture.

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