Sensitivities of Amazonian clouds to aerosols and updraft speed

TitleSensitivities of Amazonian clouds to aerosols and updraft speed
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCecchini M.A, Machado L.AT, Andreae M.O, Martin S.T, Albrecht R.I, Artaxo P., Barbosa H.MJ, Borrmann S., Futterer D., Jurkat T., Mahnke C., Minikin A., Molleker S., Pohlker M.L, Poschl U., Rosenfeld D, Voigt C., Weinzierl B., Wendisch M.
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume17
Pagination10037-10050
Date Published2017/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1680-7316
Accession NumberWOS:000408548000002
Keywordsboundary-layer clouds; ccn; convective clouds; in-situ measurements; microphysical; nuclei; number; phase clouds; properties; relative dispersion; satellite
Abstract

The effects of aerosol particles and updraft speed on warm-phase cloud microphysical properties are studied in the Amazon region as part of the ACRIDICON-CHUVA experiment. Here we expand the sensitivity analysis usually found in the literature by concomitantly considering cloud evolution, putting the sensitivity quantifications into perspective in relation to in-cloud processing, and by considering the effects on droplet size distribution (DSD) shape. Our in situ aircraft measurements over the Amazon Basin cover a wide range of particle concentration and thermodynamic conditions, from the pristine regions over coastal and forested areas to the southern Amazon, which is highly polluted from biomass burning. The quantitative results show that particle concentration is the primary driver for the vertical profiles of effective diameter and droplet concentration in the warm phase of Amazonian convective clouds, while updraft speeds have a modulating role in the latter and in total condensed water. The cloud microphysical properties were found to be highly variable with altitude above cloud base, which we used as a proxy for cloud evolution since it is a measure of the time droplets that were subject to cloud processing. We show that DSD shape is crucial in understanding cloud sensitivities. The aerosol effect on DSD shape was found to vary with altitude, which can help models to better constrain the indirect aerosol effect on climate.

DOI10.5194/acp-17-10037-2017
Short TitleAtmos. Chem. Phys.
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