Shallow-marine ostracode turnover during the Eocene-Oligocene transition in Mississippi, the Gulf Coast Plain, USA

TitleShallow-marine ostracode turnover during the Eocene-Oligocene transition in Mississippi, the Gulf Coast Plain, USA
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsYamaguchi T., Norris RD, Dockery D.T
JournalMarine Micropaleontology
Volume106
Pagination10-21
Date Published2014/01
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0377-8398
Accession NumberWOS:000332496200002
Keywordsalabama; climate; deep-sea; eocene-oligocene transition; eocene/oligocene boundary; extinction; foraminiferal turnover; fuente-caldera; groups; Gulf Coastal Plain; Jacksonian; north-atlantic; Ostracodes; pacific-ocean; record; vicksburg; Yazoo Formation
Abstract

The Eocene-Oligocene transition (EOT) is associated with a major eustatic sea-level fall, sea surface cooling, change in ocean stratification, and enhanced seasonality. While these changes are well known to have significantly restructured open ocean ecosystems, comparatively little is known about how these multiple environmental changes affected coastal biotas. Here we describe ostracode faunas in shelf deposits in the Gulf Coast of Mexico through the Late Eocene to Early Oligocene, analyzing the biostratigraphy and paleoecology of ostracodes from the Mossy Grove core, Mississippi. Mossy Grove ostracode faunas suffered gradual extinction and diversity loss in the 150 kyr between 33.96 and 33.81 Ma. During the turnover, 10 of 21 species disappeared. Seven of the 12 disappearing species became extinct, while others are Lazarus taxa that later re-appeared in the Vicksburgian (similar to 33.7 Ma). During the sea-level fall associated with the Eocene/Oligocene (E/0) boundary (33.90 Ma), six of seven outer-shelf taxa disappeared, while three of four inner-shelf taxa increased in abundance. The major changes in ostracode assemblages occur during the EOT-1 and EOT-2 events prior to the Oil isotope excursion and appear to reflect a combination of impacts from eustatic sea-level fall and local enhanced surface ocean seasonality shown in stable isotope records from the St Stephen's Quarry core, Alabama. (C) 2013 Published by

DOI10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.11.003
Short TitleMar. Micropaleontol.
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