A sixteen-year decline in dissolved oxygen in the Central California Current

TitleA sixteen-year decline in dissolved oxygen in the Central California Current
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsRen A.S, Chai F., Xue H.J, Anderson D.M, Chavez F.P
JournalScientific Reports
Date Published2018/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2045-2322
Accession NumberWOS:000431627300067
Keywordsanoxia; ecosystem; north pacific; ocean; Science & Technology - Other Topics; sub-arctic pacific; trends; undercurrent; waters

A potential consequence of climate change is global decrease in dissolved oxygen at depth in the oceans due to changes in the balance of ventilation, mixing, respiration, and photosynthesis. We present hydrographic cruise observations of declining dissolved oxygen collected along CalCOFI Line 66.7 (Line 67) off of Monterey Bay, in the Central California Current region, and investigate likely mechanisms. Between 1998 and 2013, dissolved oxygen decreased at the mean rate of 1.92 mu mol kg(-1) year(-1) on sigma(theta) 26.6-26.8 kg m(-3) isopycnals (250-400 m), translating to a 40% decline from initial concentrations. Two cores of elevated dissolved oxygen decline at 130 and 240 km from shore, which we suggest are a California Undercurrent and a California Current signal respectively, occurred on sigma(theta) ranges of 26.0-26.8 kg m(-3) (100-400 m). A box model suggests that small annual changes in dissolved oxygen in source regions are sufficient to be the primary driver of the mid-depth declines. Variation in dissolved oxygen at the bottom of the surface mixed layer suggests that there is also a signal of increased local remineralization.

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