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SOA formation from photooxidation of naphthalene and methylnaphthalenes with m-xylene and surrogate mixtures

TitleSOA formation from photooxidation of naphthalene and methylnaphthalenes with m-xylene and surrogate mixtures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsChen C.L, Li L.J, Tang P., Cocker D.R
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Date Published2018/05
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1352-2310
Accession NumberWOS:000430765300026
Keywordschamber; elemental analysis; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; gas; high-resolution; m-xylene; mass-spectrometer; mechanisms; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; methyl-group; nox; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons; secondary organic aerosol; Surrogate mixture; Two-product model

SOA formation is not well predicted in current models in urban area. The interaction among multiple anthropogenic volatile organic compounds is essential for the SOA formation in the complex urban atmosphere. Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) from the photooxidation of naphthalene, 1-methylnaphthalene, and 2-methylnaphthalene as well as individual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) mixed with m-xylene or an atmospheric surrogate mixture was explored in the UCR CE-CERT environmental chamber under urban relevant low NO and extremely low NOx (H2O2) conditions. Addition of m-xylene suppressed SOA formation from the individual PAH precursor. A similar suppression effect on SOA formation was observed during the surrogate mixture photooxidation suggesting the importance of gas-phase chemical reactivity to SOA formation. The SOA growth rate for different PAH-m-xylene mixtures was strongly correlated with initial [HO2]/[RO2] ratio but negatively correlated with initial m-xylene/NO ratio. Decreasing SOA formation was observed for increasing mxylene/PAHs ratios and increasing initial m-xylene/NO ratio. The SOA chemical composition characteristics such as f(44) versus f(43), H/C ratio, O/C ratio, and the oxidation state of the carbon ((OS) over bar (c)) were consistent with a continuously aging with the SOA exhibiting characteristics of both individual precursors. SOA formation from PAHs was also suppressed within an atmospheric surrogate mixture compared to the SOA formed from individual PAHs, indicating that atmospheric reactivity directly influences SOA formation from PAHs.

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