Social indicators of vulnerability for fishing communities in the Northern Gulf of California, Mexico: Implications for climate change

TitleSocial indicators of vulnerability for fishing communities in the Northern Gulf of California, Mexico: Implications for climate change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMorzaria-Luna H.N, Turk-Boyer P., Moreno-Baez M.
JournalMarine Policy
Volume45
Pagination182-193
Date Published2014/03
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0308-597X
Accession NumberWOS:000333499800023
Keywordsclimate change; conservation; Fisheries; Gulf of California; impacts; management; marine ecosystems; ocean; populations; scales; sea; social-ecological systems; variability; Vulnerability analysis
Abstract

Marine fisheries support the livelihoods of millions of people worldwide. These fisheries and the communities that depend on them are highly vulnerable to climate change and other interacting. anthropogenic threats. The cumulative and interacting effects of these stressors could potentially produce declines in fish production, which would significantly impact artisanal fishers. Assessing relative vulnerability of fishing communities to anthropogenic stressors is an important first step to identifying mitigation or adaptation strategies. This study assessed the vulnerability of 12 coastal communities in the Northern Gulf of California to disruptions in fishing activities from anthropogenic stressors, including climate change. The Northern Gulf is a megadiverse area and a major source of fishery resources. Quantitative indicator indices based on secondary and primary data were developed to assess the three aspects of vulnerability: sensitivity, exposure, and adaptive capacity. The key components of vulnerability varied amongst communities. Vulnerability was higher in communities with higher fishing dependence and lower socioeconomic diversification. The approach presented here provides important insights into the type of policy actions that might be needed in different communities for adaptation and mitigation. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.marpol.2013.10.013
Short TitleMar. Pol.
Integrated Research Themes: 
Student Publication: 
No
Research Topics: 
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