Solid State Sensor for Simultaneous Measurement of Total Alkalinity and pH of Seawater

TitleSolid State Sensor for Simultaneous Measurement of Total Alkalinity and pH of Seawater
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBriggs E.M, Sandoval S., Erten A., Takeshita Y, Kummel A.C, Martz T.R
Volume2
Pagination1302-1309
Date Published2017/09
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2379-3694
Accession NumberWOS:000411853000009
Keywordsactuator systems; durafet; ion-selective electrodes; ISFET; ph; seawater; Sensor; technology; titrations; total alkalinity; waters
Abstract

A novel design is demonstrated for a solid state, reagent-less sensor capable of rapid and simultaneous measurement of pH and Total Alkalinity (A(T)) using ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET) technology to provide a simplified means of characterization of the aqueous carbon dioxide system through measurement of two "master variables": pH and A(T). ISFET-based pH sensors that achieve 0.001 precision are widely used in various oceanographic applications. A modified ISFET is demonstrated to perform a nanoliter-scale acid base titration of A(T) in under 40 s. This method of measuring A(T), a Coulometric Diffusion Titration, involves electrolytic generation of titrant, through the electrolysis of water on the surface of the chip via a microfabricated electrode eliminating the requirement of external reagents. Characterization has been performed in seawater as well as titrating individual components (i.e., OH-, HCO3-, B(OH)(4)(-), PO43-) of seawater A(T). The seawater measurements are consistent with the design in reaching the benchmark goal of 0.5% precision in A(T) over the range of seawater A(T) of similar to 2200-2500 mu mol kg(-1) which demonstrates great potential for autonomous sensing.

DOI10.1021/acssensors.7b00305
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