Source characteristics of the 2015 M-w 7.8 Gorkha (Nepal) earthquake and its M-w 7.2 aftershock from space geodesy

TitleSource characteristics of the 2015 M-w 7.8 Gorkha (Nepal) earthquake and its M-w 7.2 aftershock from space geodesy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsFeng W.P, Lindsey E., Barbot S., Samsonov S., Dai K.R, Li P., Li Z.H, Almeida R., Chen J.J, Xu X.H
JournalTectonophysics
Volume712
Pagination747-758
Date Published2017/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0040-1951
Accession NumberWOS:000409284500055
KeywordsALOS2; deformation; Elastic layering; Gorkha earthquake; gps data; half-space; hector mine; InSAR modeling; joint inversion; radar; radar interferometry; rupture process; satellite; Sentinel-1 A; strike-slip earthquakes; tensile faults; The Main Frontal; Thrust fault (MFT)
Abstract

On April 25, 2015, a destructive M-w 7.8 earthquake struck the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, killing more than 8800 people and destroying numerous historical structures. We analyze six coseismic interferograms from several satellites (ALOS-2, Sentinel-1 A, and RADARSAT-2), as well as three-dimensional displacements at six GPS stations to investigate fault structure and slip distribution of the Gorkha earthquake. Using a layered crustal structure, the best-fit slip model shows that the preferred dip angle of the mainshock fault is 6 +/- 3.5 degrees and the major slip is concentrated within depths of 8-15 km. The maximum slip of similar to 6.0 m occurs at a depth of 11 km, 70 km south east of the epicenter. The coseismic rupture extends similar to 150 km eastward of the epicentre with a cumulative'geodetic moment of 7.8 x 10(20) Nm, equivalent to an earthquake of Mw 7.84. We also investigate the Mw 7.2 aftershock on 12 May 2015 using another three postseismic interferograms from ALOS2, RADARSAT-2, and Sentinel-1 A. The InSAR-based best-fit slip model of the largest aftershock implies that its major slip is next to the eastern lower end of the mainshock rupture with a similar maximum slip of similar to 6 mat a depth of similar to 13 km. This study generates various coseismic geodetic measurements to determine the source parameters of the Mw 7.8 Gorkha earthquake and 12 May Mw 72 afershock, providing an additional chance to understand the local fault structure and slip extent. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.tecto.2016.02.029
Short TitleTectonophysics
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