Spatial ecology and conservation of Manta birostris in the Indo-Pacific

TitleSpatial ecology and conservation of Manta birostris in the Indo-Pacific
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsStewart J.D, Beale C.S, Fernando D., Sianipar A.B, Burton RS, Semmens B.X, Aburto-Oropeza O
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume200
Pagination178-183
Date Published2016/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0006-3207
Accession NumberWOS:000381325300020
Keywordsalfredi; archival tagging; assumptions; behavior; chondrichthyes; ddRAD sequencing; eastern australia; genetic diversity; marine conservation; Mobulid; mobulidae; models; movements; Pop-off satellite; rays; Stable isotope analysis
Abstract

Information on the movements and population connectivity of the oceanic manta ray (Manta birostris) is scarce. The species has been anecdotally classified as a highly migratory species based on the pelagic habitats it often occupies, and migratory behavior exhibited by similar species. As a result, in the absence of ecological data, population declines in oceanic manta have been addressed primarily with international-scale management and conservation efforts. Using a combination of satellite telemetry, stable isotope and genetic analyses we demonstrate that, contrary to previous assumptions, the species appears to exhibit restricted movements and fine scale population structure. M. birostris tagged at four sites in the Indo-Pacific exhibited no long-range migratory movements and had non-overlapping geographic ranges. Using genetic and isotopic analysis, we demonstrate that the observed movements and population structure persist on multi-year and generational time scales. These data provide the first insights into the long-term movements and population structure of oceanic manta rays, and suggest that bottom-up, local or regional approaches to managing oceanic mantas could prove more effective than existing, international-scale management strategies. This case study highlights the importance of matching the scales at which management and relevant ecological processes occur to facilitate the effective conservation of threatened species. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.016
Short TitleBiol. Conserv.
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