Spatial gradients of temperature, accumulation and delta O-18-ice in Greenland over a series of Dansgaard-Oeschger events

TitleSpatial gradients of temperature, accumulation and delta O-18-ice in Greenland over a series of Dansgaard-Oeschger events
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGuillevic M., Bazin L., Landais A., Kindler P., Orsi A, Masson-Delmotte V., Blunier T., Buchardt S.L, Capron E., Leuenberger M., Martinerie P., Prie F., Vinther B.M
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume9
Pagination1029-1051
Date Published2013/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1814-9324
Accession NumberWOS:000322859700004
Keywordsabrupt climate-change; ice core data; isotopic composition; last glacial period; model simulations; north-atlantic; oxygen-isotope; polar ice; thermal-diffusion constants; younger dryas termination
Abstract

Air and water stable isotope measurements from four Greenland deep ice cores (GRIP, GISP2, NGRIP and NEEM) are investigated over a series of Dansgaard Oeschger events (DO 8, 9 and 10), which are representative of glacial millennial scale variability. Combined with firn modeling, air isotope data allow us to quantify abrupt temperature increases for each drill site (1 sigma = 0.6 degrees C for NEEM, GRIP and GISP2, 1.5 degrees C for NGRIP). Our data show that the magnitude of stadial interstadial temperature increase is up to 2 degrees C larger in central and North Greenland than in northwest Greenland: i.e., for DO 8, a magnitude of +8.8 degrees C is inferred, which is significantly smaller than the +11.1 degrees C inferred at GISP2. The same spatial pattern is seen for accumulation increases. This pattern is coherent with climate simulations in response to reduced sea-ice extent in the Nordic seas. The temporal water isotope (delta O-18) temperature temperature relationship varies between 0.3 and 0.6 (+/- 0.08) %degrees C-1 and is systematically larger at NEEM, possibly due to limited changes in precipitation seasonality compared to GISP2, GRIP or NGRIP. The gas age ice age difference of warming events represented in water and air isotopes can only be modeled when assuming a 26 % (NGRIP) to 40 % (GRIP) lower accumulation than that derived from a Dansgaard Johnsen ice flow model.

DOI10.5194/cp-9-1029-2013
Short TitleClim. Past.
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Student Publication: 
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