The species-rich assemblages of tintinnids (marine planktonic protists) are structured by mouth size

TitleThe species-rich assemblages of tintinnids (marine planktonic protists) are structured by mouth size
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDolan JR, Landry MR, Ritchie ME
JournalIsme Journal
Date Published2013/06
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1751-7362
Accession NumberWOS:000319333600016
Keywordsabundance distributions; biodiversity; ciliate; ciliophora; communities; diversity; ecology; gradient; mediterranean sea; paradox; rare; rare species; species packing; tintinnida; usa

Many microbial taxa in the marine plankton appear super-saturated in species richness. Here, we provide a partial explanation by analyzing how species are organized, species packing, in terms of both taxonomy and morphology. We focused on a well-studied group, tintinnid ciliates of the microzooplankton, in which feeding ecology is closely linked to morphology. Populations in three distinct systems were examined: an Eastern Mediterranean Gyre, a Western Mediterranean Gyre and the California Current. We found that species abundance distributions exhibited the long-tailed, log distributions typical of most natural assemblages of microbial and other organisms. In contrast, grouping in oral size-classes, which corresponds with prey-size exploited, revealed a geometric distribution consistent with a dominant role of a single resource in structuring an assemblage. The number of species found in a particular oral size-class increases with the numerical importance of the size-class in the overall population. We suggest that high species diversity reflects the fact that accompanying each dominant species are many ecologically similar species, presumably able to replace the dominant species, at least with regard to the size of prey exploited. Such redundancy suggests that species diversity greatly exceeds ecological diversity in the plankton.