|Title||Structural elucidation of trace components combining GC/MS, GC/IR, DFT-calculation and synthesis-salinilactones, unprecedented bicyclic lactones from Salinispora bacteria|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Schlawis C., Kern S., Kudo Y., Grunenberg J., Moore BS, Schulz S.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||A-factor; autoinducer; bicyclic lactones; biosynthesis; chemistry; efficient; gamma-butyrolactone; GC/IR; growth; identification; morphological development; secondary metabolism; streptomyces-griseus; structure elucidation; volatiles|
The analysis of volatiles released by marine Salinispora bacteria uncovered a new class of natural compounds displaying an unusual bicyclic [3.1.0]-lactone skeleton. Although only sub-mu g quantities of the compounds were available, the combination of analytical methods, computational spectroscopy, and synthesis allowed unambiguous structural identification of the compounds, called salinilactones, without the need for isolation. Orthogonal hyphenated methods, GC/MS and solid-phase GC/IR allowed to propose a small set of structures consistent with the data. A candidate structure was selected by comparison of DFT-calculated IR spectra and the experimental IR-spectrum. Synthesis confirmed the structure and absolute configuration of three bicyclic lactones, salinilactones A-C. The salinilactones are structurally closely related to the A-factor class of compounds, autoregulators from streptomycete bacteria. They exhibited inhibitory activity against Salinispora and Streptomyces strains.