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A systematic survey of the integration of animal behavior into conservation

TitleA systematic survey of the integration of animal behavior into conservation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBerger-Tal O., Blumstein D.T, Carroll S., Fisher R.N, Mesnick S.L, Owen M.A, Saltz D., St Claire C.C, Swaisgood R.R
JournalConservation Biology
Date Published2016/08
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0888-8892
Accession NumberWOS:000379947700008
Keywordsaprendizaje; biology; calor; captive breeding; comportamiento; conservation behavior; dispersal; dispersion; en la conservacion; especies invasoras; foraging; forrajeo; habitat; heat map; interface; invasive species; Learning; management; mapa de; need; reintroduccion; reintroduction; reproduccion en cautiverio; success

The role of behavioral ecology in improving wildlife conservation and management has been the subject of much recent debate. We sought to answer 2 foundational questions about the current use of behavioral knowledge in conservation: To what extent is behavioral knowledge used in wildlife conservation and management, and how does the use of animal behavior differ among conservation fields in both frequency and types of use? We searched the literature for intersections between key fields of animal behavior and conservation and created a systematic heat map (i.e., graphical representation of data where values are represented as colors) to visualize relative efforts. Some behaviors, such as dispersal and foraging, were commonly considered (mean [SE] of 1147.38 [353.11] and 439.44 [108.85] papers per cell, respectively). In contrast, other behaviors, such as learning, social, and antipredatory behaviors were rarely considered (mean [SE] of 33.88 [7.62], 44.81 [10.65], and 22.69 [6.37] papers per cell, respectively). In many cases, awareness of the importance of behavior did not translate into applicable management tools. Our results challenge previous suggestions that there is little association between the fields of behavioral ecology and conservation and reveals tremendous variation in the use of different behaviors in conservation. We recommend that researchers focus on examining underutilized intersections of behavior and conservation themes for which preliminary work shows a potential for improving conservation and management, translating behavioral theory into applicable and testable predictions, and creating systematic reviews to summarize the behavioral evidence within the behavior-conservation intersections for which many studies exist. Un Censo Sistematico de la Integracion del Comportamiento Animal a la Conservacion El papel de la ecologia conductual en el mejoramiento de la conservacion y el manejo de la fauna ha sido sujeto recientemente a muchas discusiones. Buscamos responder dos preguntas fundamentales acerca del uso actual del conocimiento conductual en la conservacion: Hasta que punto se utiliza el conocimiento conductual en la conservacion y manejo de la fauna y como difiere el uso del comportamiento animal, tanto en frecuencia como en tipos de uso, entre las areas de conservacion? En la literatura buscamos intersecciones entre areas clave de la conservacion y el comportamiento animal y creamos un mapa sistematico de calor (es decir, una representacion grafica de los datos en la que los valores se representan con colores) para visualizar los esfuerzos relativos. Algunos comportamientos, como la dispersion y el forrajeo, se consideraron como comunes (media [SE] de 114.38 [353.11] y 439.44 [108.85] articulos por celda, respectivamente). En contraste, otros comportamientos como el aprendizaje y las conductas sociales y anti-depredadores se consideraron como raras (media [SE] de 33.88 [7.62], 44.81 [10.65] y 22.69 [6.37] articulos por celda, respectivamente). En muchos casos, la deteccion de la importancia del comportamiento no se tradujo en una herramienta aplicable de manejo. Nuestros resultados presentan un reto a las sugerencias previas de que existe poca asociacion entre las areas de la ecologia conductual y la conservacion y revelan una variacion tremenda en el uso de diferentes comportamientos dentro de la conservacion. Recomendamos que los investigadores se enfoquen en examinar intersecciones sub-utilizadas de temas de comportamiento y conservacion para los que el trabajo preliminar muestre un potencial para mejorar la conservacion y el manejo; traduzcan la teoria conductual a predicciones aplicables y evaluables; y creen revisiones sistematicas para resumir la evidencia conductual dentro las intersecciones de comportamiento-conservacion para las que existen muchos estudios. Resumen

Short TitleConserv. Biol.
Student Publication: 
Research Topics: