|Title||Temporal variations of water pCO(2) and the air-water CO2 flux at a coastal location in the southern California Current System: diurnal to interannual scales|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Coronado-Alvarez L, Alvarez-Borrego S., Lara-Lara J.R, Solana-Arellano E., Hernandez-Ayon J.M, Zirino A.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||baja-california; california current system; carbon; CO2 air-water flux; CO2 partial pressure; coastal zone; el-nino; exchange; impacts; oceanic co2; pacific; phytoplankton; upwelling zone; variability|
The aim of this work was to identify processes that cause surface CO2 partial pressure (pCO(2W)) and air-water CO2 flux (FCO2) variations at a coastal location in the California Current System, from semidiurnal to interannual time scales. Such processes may include sea breeze, upwelling, El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle, and "The Blob" (strong positive temperature anomalies in the NE Pacific). Sea surface temperature (SST, 2008-2014) and pCO(2W) (2008-2015) time series were generated with data collected from a MAPCO(2) buoy anchored at 100 m depth and 5 km from Punta Banda (31.6 degrees N, 116.6 degrees W), Baja California, Mexico. There were significant changes in SST, pCO(2W), and FCO2 that lasted periods that were as short as a few hours and as large as interannual time frames. Spectral analysis showed significant semidiurnal, diurnal, similar to 15-d, and similar to 28-d components of variation. Time series were divided into periods according to the Multivariate ENSO Index and the Blob event. Bayesian t tests show that both pCO(2W) and FCO2 had high credibility of being different between periods. During La Nina conditions (2010-2011), maximum pCO(2W) and FCO2 values were higher, and the minimum values were lower, than during "normal," El Nino, and Blob conditions. The pCO(2W) range during this La Nina event was from 131 to 864 mu atm, and the FCO2 range was from -6.9 to 40.4 mmol C.m(-2).d(-1). The FCO2 range during the Blob was from near equilibrium to similar to 2.5 mmol C.m(-2).d(-1). The extreme values for the FCO2 integral (+/- standard error), for all periods, were -57.0 +/- 0.01 mmol C.m(-2) for El Nino, and 257.0 +/- 0.03 mmol C.m(-2) for La Nina. The mean FCO2 value (+/- standard error) was 0.04 +/- 0.02 mol C.m(-2).yr(-1). The buoy location was found to be a very weak source of CO2 during the study period.
|Short Title||Ceinc. Mar.|