Time series of temperature in Fram Strait determined from the 2008-2009 DAMOCLES acoustic tomography measurements and an ocean model

TitleTime series of temperature in Fram Strait determined from the 2008-2009 DAMOCLES acoustic tomography measurements and an ocean model
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSagen H., Dushaw B.D, Skarsoulis E.K, Dumont D., Dzieciuch M.A, Beszczynska-Moller A.
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research-Oceans
Date Published2016/07
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number2169-9275
Accession NumberWOS:000383468500011
Keywordsacoustic tomography; aperture vertical array; assimilation; atlantic; average ocean temperature; dynamics; Fram Strait circulation; marginal ice-zone; north pacific; numerical ocean model; propagation; range; sea

A pilot acoustic tomography program in Fram Strait during 2008-2009 measured a year-long record of acoustic travel times along a 130 km range acoustic path crossing the West Spitsbergen Current. Individual ray arrivals were not observed. Rather, the arrival patterns consisted of a single, stable, broad arrival pulse of about 100 ms duration. Travel time variations of 0.15 s recorded the vigorous mesoscale environment of the region and the seasonal cycle. To estimate ocean temperature from the tomography data an inverse scheme employed a high-resolution ocean model for Fram Strait as the reference ocean. The information from the tomographic measurements is primarily average temperature. Estimated temperatures, averaged over 0-1000 m depth and over range, had a mean of 1.11 degrees C and variations of 0.33 degrees C; the uncertainty of the tomography estimates was about 60m degrees C. Agreement with an alternate inverse approach based on EOFs and a Markov Chain Monte Carlo inversion scheme relying on a matched-peak approach was excellent, indicating a robust estimate for ocean temperature. The inverse estimates for average temperature agreed with the equivalent estimates from hydrographic sections obtained along the acoustic path at the start and end of the program. Among other deficiencies, the ocean model greatly underestimated the intensity of the mesoscale fluctuations and exhibited a warm bias of about 0.38 degrees C in section-averaged temperature. Tomographic measurements in Fram Strait offer unique large-scale temperature constraints for ocean models through data assimilation. It is anticipated that these constraints will lead to more accurate estimates of the circulation and transports in Fram Strait.

Short TitleJ Geophys Res-Oceans
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