Tracking the Late Jurassic apparent (or true) polar shift in U-Pb-dated kimberlites from cratonic North America (Superior Province of Canada)

TitleTracking the Late Jurassic apparent (or true) polar shift in U-Pb-dated kimberlites from cratonic North America (Superior Province of Canada)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKent D.V, Kjarsgaard B.A, Gee J.S, Muttoni G., Heaman L.M
JournalGeochemistry Geophysics Geosystems
Volume16
Pagination983-994
Date Published2015/04
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1525-2027
Accession NumberWOS:000354746900001
KeywordsAPW; colorado plateau; geomagnetic-field; Igneous rocks; Jurassic; kimberlites; mantle; motion; paleomagnetic poles; rotation; southern-africa; TPW; U-Pb perovskite; volcanics; wander
Abstract

Different versions of a composite apparent polar wander (APW) path of variably selected global poles assembled and averaged in North American coordinates using plate reconstructions show either a smooth progression or a large (approximate to 30 degrees) gap in mean paleopoles in the Late Jurassic, between about 160 and 145 Ma. In an effort to further examine this issue, we sampled accessible outcrops/subcrops of kimberlites associated with high-precision U-Pb perovskite ages in the Timiskaming area of Ontario, Canada. The 154.91.1 Ma Peddie kimberlite yields a stable normal polarity magnetization that is coaxial within less than 5 degrees of the reverse polarity magnetization of the 157.51.2 Ma Triple B kimberlite. The combined approximate to 156 Ma Triple B and Peddie pole (75.5 degrees N, 189.5 degrees E, A95=2.8 degrees) lies about midway between igneous poles from North America nearest in age (169 Ma Moat volcanics and the 146 Ma Ithaca kimberlites), showing that the polar motion was at a relatively steady yet rapid (approximate to 1.5 degrees/Myr) pace. A similar large rapid polar swing has been recognized in the Middle to Late Jurassic APW path for Adria-Africa and Iran-Eurasia, suggesting a major mass redistribution. One possibility is that slab breakoff and subduction reversal along the western margin of the Americas triggered an episode of true polar wander.

DOI10.1002/2015gc005734
Short TitleGeochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
Student Publication: 
No
Research Topics: 
sharknado