Using paired visual and passive acoustic surveys to estimate passive acoustic detection parameters for harbor porpoise abundance estimates

TitleUsing paired visual and passive acoustic surveys to estimate passive acoustic detection parameters for harbor porpoise abundance estimates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsJacobson E.K, Forney KA, Barlow J
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume141
Pagination219-230
Date Published2017/01
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0001-4966
Accession NumberWOS:000395308700036
Keywordscalifornia; clicks; density; models; objective analysis; offshore wind farm; phocoena-phocoena; sea; t-pods; washington
Abstract

Passive acoustic monitoring is a promising approach for monitoring long-term trends in harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) abundance. Before passive acoustic monitoring can be implemented to estimate harbor porpoise abundance, information about the detectability of harbor porpoise is needed to convert recorded numbers of echolocation clicks to harbor porpoise densities. In the present study, paired data from a grid of nine passive acoustic click detectors (C-PODs, Chelonia Ltd., United Kingdom) and three days of simultaneous aerial line-transect visual surveys were collected over a 370 km(2) study area. The focus of the study was estimating the effective detection area of the passive acoustic sensors, which was defined as the product of the sound production rate of individual animals and the area within which those sounds are detected by the passive acoustic sensors. Visually estimated porpoise densities were used as informative priors in a Bayesian model to solve for the effective detection area for individual harbor porpoises. This model-based approach resulted in a posterior distribution of the effective detection area of individual harbor porpoises consistent with previously published values. This technique is a viable alternative for estimating the effective detection area of passive acoustic sensors when other experimental approaches are not feasible.

DOI10.1121/1.4973415
Student Publication: 
Yes
Student: 
sharknado