|Title||Variability in marine plankton ecosystems are not observed in freshly emitted sea spray aerosol over the North Atlantic Ocean|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Bates T.S, Quinn P.K, Coffman D.J, Johnson J.E, Upchurch L., Saliba G., Lewis S., Graff J., Russell LM, Behrenfeld M.J|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||boundary-layer; chlorophyll-a; fraction; Geology; optical-properties; organic-matter enrichment; parameterization; particles; salt; size; whitecaps|
Sea spray aerosol (SSA) consists of both sea salt and organic components. These aerosols affect Earth's climate by scattering solar radiation and by altering cloud properties. Here we present observations of SSA particles generated at sea using an over-the-side bubbling system (Sea Sweep) and an onboard plunging wave mesocosm (Marine Aerosol Reference Tank-MART) during five cruises in the North Atlantic. The cruises were timed to sample different stages of the North Atlantic plankton bloom and included transects from the oligotrophic Sargasso Sea to the biologically productive western subarctic. The results show that the North Atlantic plankton bloom has little effect on the emission flux, organic fraction, or cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity of SSA, and therefore, plankton ecosystems do not need to be included in modeling aerosol indirect effects of primary SSA in global climate models or in chemical transport models.