|Title||Wind relaxation and poleward flow events in the upwelling region off Baja California, Mexico|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Vazquez H.J, Gomez-Valdes J.|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||adcp; characteristic patterns; circulation; currents; Eastern boundary current; IMECOCAL; Marine & Freshwater Biology; poleward flows; Shelf; southern california; stress curl; upwelling regions; variability; wind relaxation events; winds|
Wind relaxation events are commonly observed in eastern boundary upwelling ecosystems. The wind fields over the southern part of the California Current System were separated into upwelling-favorable winds and wind relaxations by using a technique based on complex correlation analysis. Using vessel-mounted Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler and conductivity-temperature-depth observations from 4 consecutive Mexican Investigations of the California Current (IMECOCAL) cruises carried out during 2001-2002, a description of the ocean state associated with these stages of the wind field was elaborated for the northern Baja California (Mexico) upwelling region. Relaxation events occurred during each cruise. A coastal poleward flow event was conspicuous when a relaxation event followed a long upwelling favorable wind event. This pattern was also correlated with a negative or close to zero wind curl at the coast. A coastal equatorial jet and an upper-ocean offshore poleward flow were observed during spring, representing a typical upwelling pattern that is correlated with a large positive wind stress curl near the coast. In winter, a surface poleward flow was inhibited by a strong northwest wind event, which generated a shallow equatorward flow. The circulation patterns described here are consistent with theories that explain surface poleward flows through wind relaxation and negative wind curl.
|Short Title||Ceinc. Mar.|