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Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., and Toom, U. (2020b). Early Silurian recovery of Baltica crinoids following the end-Ordovician extinctions (Llandovery, Estonia). Journal of Paleontology 94, 521–530. doi:10.1017/jpa.2019.89

Ausich, W. I., Wright, D. F., Cole, S. R., and Sevastopulo, G. D. (2020c). Homology of posterior interray plates in crinoids: a review and new perspectives from phylogenetics, the fossil record and development. Palaeontology, pala.12475. doi:10.1111/pala.12475

Deline, B., Thompson, J. R., Smith, N. S., Zamora, S., Rahman, I. A., Sheffield, S. L., Ausich, W. I., Kammer, T. W., and Sumrall, C. D. (2020). Evolution and development at the origin of a phylum. Current Biology 30, 1672-1679.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.02.054

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Gorzelak, P., Kołbuk, D., Salamon, M. A., Łukowiak, M., Ausich, W. I., and Baumiller, T. K. (2020). Bringing planktonic crinoids back to the bottom: Reassessment of the functional role of scyphocrinoid loboliths. Paleobiology 46, 104–122. doi:10.1017/pab.2019.36

Lin, J.-P., Tsai, M.-H., Kroh, A., Trautman, A., Machado, D. J., Chang, L.-Y., Reid, R., Lin, K.-T., Bronstein, O., Lee, S.-J., and Janies, D. (2020). The first complete mitochondrial genome of the sand dollar Sinaechinocyamus mai (Echinoidea: Clypeasteroida). Genomics 112, 1686–1693. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2019.10.007

Mah, C. L., and Fujita, T. (2020). New species and occurrence records of Japanese Solasteridae and Ganeriidae including a new species of Paralophaster from the North Pacific with an overview of Hyalinothrix. Zootaxa 4750, 67–100. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4750.1.4

Mashanov, V., Akiona, J., Khoury, M., Ferrier, J., Reid, R., Machado, D. J., Zueva, O., and Janies, D. (2020). Active Notch signaling is required for arm regeneration in a brittle star Ed T. A. Reh. PLOS ONE 15, e0232981. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0232981

Messing, C. G. (2020). A revision of the unusual feather star genus Atopocrinus with a description of a new species (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Zootaxa 4731, 471–491. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4731.4.2

Paton, T. R., Freeman, R. L., Dattilo, B. F., Sumrall, C. D., and Brett, C. E. (2020). Edrioasteroids on corals: Taphonomic feedback and sedimentary processes control the ecology of a Late Ordovician (Katian: Cincinnatian, Richmondian) community in central Kentucky, USA. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 537, 109447. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.109447

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Ausich, W. I., and Cournoyer, M. E. (2019). New taxa and revised stratigraphic distribution of the crinoid fauna from Anticosti Island, Québec, Canada (Late Ordovician-early Silurian). Journal of Paleontology 93, 1137–1158. doi:10.1017/jpa.2019.36

Ausich, W. I., Mao, Y., and Li, Y. (2019). Fusion or hypertrophy?: the unusual arms of the Petalocrinidae (Ordovician-Devonian: Crinoidea). Journal of Paleontology 93, 966–970. doi:10.1017/jpa.2019.25

Ausich, W. I., and Zamora, S. (2019). Stratigraphic and paleogeographic distributions of Devonian crinoids from Spain with description of new taxa from the Iberian Chains. Journal of Paleontology 93, 1159–1174. doi:10.1017/jpa.2019.29

Bauer, J. E., Waters, J. A., and Sumrall, C. D. (2019). Redescription of Macurdablastus and redefinition of Eublastoidea as a clade of Blastoidea (Echinodermata) Ed G. Sevastopulo. Palaeontology 62, 1003–1013. doi:10.1111/pala.12439

Cobb, J., Lawrence, J., Herrera, J., and Janies, D. (2019). A new species of Astropecten (Echinodermata: Asteroidea: Paxillosida: Astropectinidae) and a comparison of the Astropecten species from the Gulf of Mexico and the East Florida Shelf. Zootaxa 4612, 301. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4612.3.1

Cole, S. R., Wright, D. F., and Ausich, W. I. (2019). Phylogenetic community paleoecology of one of the earliest complex crinoid faunas (Brechin Lagerstätte, Ordovician). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 521, 82–98. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.02.006

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Edgar, A., Byrne, M., and Wray, G. A. (2019). Embryo microinjection of the lecithotrophic sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Journal of Biological Methods 6, 119. doi:10.14440/jbm.2019.292

Layton, K. K. S., Rouse, G. W., and Wilson, N. G. (2019). A newly discovered radiation of endoparasitic gastropods and their coevolution with asteroid hosts in Antarctica. BMC Evolutionary Biology 19, 1–15. doi:10.1186/s12862-019-1499-8

Meyer, D. L., and Ausich, W. I. (2019). Ecological and taphonomic fidelity in fossil crinoid accumulations. Palaios 34, 575–583. doi:10.2110/palo.2019.032

Salamon, M. A., Lin, J.-P., Duda, P., Gorzelak, P., Ausich, W. I., and Oji, T. (2019). Paleoenvironmental and biostratigraphic implications of echinoderm ossicles trapped within Burmese amber. Palaios 34, 652–656. doi:10.2110/palo.2019.084

Sheffield, S. L., and Sumrall, C. D. (2019a). A re-interpretation of the ambulacral system of Eumorphocystis (Blastozoa, Echinodermata) and its bearing on the evolution of early crinoids Ed G. Sevastopulo. Palaeontology 62, 163–173. doi:10.1111/pala.12396

Sheffield, S. L., and Sumrall, C. D. (2019b). The phylogeny of the Diploporita: a polyphyletic assemblage of blastozoan echinoderms. Journal of Paleontology 93, 740–752. doi:10.1017/jpa.2019.2

Shroat-Lewis, R. A., Greenwood, E. N., and Sumrall, C. D. (2019). Paleoecologic analysis of Edrioasteroid (Echinodermata) encrusted slabs from the Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) Kinkaid limestone of southern Illinois. Palaios 34, 146–158. doi:10.2110/palo.2018.061

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Zamora, S., and Sumrall, C. D. (2019). Hexedriocystis, an aberrant echinoderm from the Upper Ordovician of Morocco. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, SP485-2017–213. doi:10.1144/SP485-2017-213



Ausich, W. I. (2018). Morphological paradox of disparid crinoids (Echinodermata): phylogenetic analysis of a Paleozoic clade. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 137, 159–176. doi:10.1007/s13358-018-0147-z

Ausich, W. I., Rhenberg, E. C., and Meyer, D. L. (2018a). Batocrinidae (Crinoidea) from the Lower Mississippian (lower Viséan) Fort Payne Formation of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama: systematics, geographic occurrences, and facies distribution. Journal of Paleontology 92, 681–712. doi:10.1017/jpa.2017.135

Ausich, W. I., Wright, D. F., Cole, S. R., and Koniecki, J. M. (2018b). Disparid and hybocrinid crinoids (Echinodermata) from the Upper Ordovician (lower Katian) Brechin Lagerstätte of Ontario. Journal of Paleontology 92, 850–871. doi:10.1017/jpa.2017.154

Baumiller, T. K., and Fordyce, R. E. (2018). Rautangaroa, a new genus of feather star (Echinodermata, Crinoidea) from the Oligocene of New Zealand. Journal of Paleontology 92, 872–882. doi:10.1017/jpa.2018.17

Baumiller, T. K., and Gahn, F. J. (2018). The nature of the platyceratid–crinoid association as revealed by cross-sectional data from the Carboniferous of Alabama (USA). Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 137, 177–187. doi:10.1007/s13358-018-0167-8

Baumiller, T. K., and Stevenson, A. (2018). Reconstructing predation intensity on crinoids using longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 137, 189–196. doi:10.1007/s13358-018-0169-6

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Cole, S. R., Ausich, W. I., Wright, D. F., and Koniecki, J. M. (2018). An echinoderm Lagerstätte from the Upper Ordovician (Katian), Ontario: taxonomic re-evaluation and description of new dicyclic camerate crinoids. Journal of Paleontology 92, 488–505. doi:10.1017/jpa.2017.151

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Lin, J.-P., Ausich, W. I., Balinski, A., Bergström, S. M., and Sun, Y. (2018). The oldest iocrinid crinoids from the Early/Middle Ordovician of China: Possible paleogeographic implications. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 151, 324–333. doi:10.1016/j.jseaes.2017.10.041

Mah, C. L. (2018). New genera, species and occurrence records of Goniasteridae (Asteroidea; Echinodermata) from the Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4539, 1. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4539.1.1

Mao, Y., Webster, G. D., Ausich, W. I., Li, Y., Wang, Q., and Reich, M. (2018). A new crinoid fauna from the Taiyuan Formation (early Permian) of Henan, North China. Journal of Paleontology 92, 1066–1080. doi:10.1017/jpa.2018.27

Messing, C. G. (2018). Actinometra blakei Hartlaub, 1912: resurrected and re-assigned. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 137, 245–254. doi:10.1007/s13358-018-0165-x

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Moore, J. M., Carvajal, J. I., Rouse, G. W., and Wilson, N. G. (2018). The Antarctic Circumpolar Current isolates and connects: Structured circumpolarity in the sea star Glabraster antarctica. Ecology and Evolution 8, 10621–10633. doi:10.1002/ece3.4551

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Sheffield, S. L., Ausich, W. I., and Sumrall, C. D. (2018). Late Ordovician (Hirnantian) diploporitan fauna of Anticosti Island, Quebec, Canada: Implications for evolutionary and biogeographic patterns. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 55, 1–7. doi:10.1139/cjes-2017-0160

Singh, A., Pinto, L., Martin, C., Rutherford, N., Ragunathan, A., Upadhyay, U., Kapoor, P., McRae, M., Siddiqui, A., Cantelmi, D., Heyland, A., Wray, G., and Stone, J. R. (2018). Rudiment resorption as a response to starvation during larval development in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Canadian Journal of Zoology 96, 1178–1185. doi:10.1139/cjz-2017-0261

Sumrall, C. D., and Zamora, S. (2018). New Upper Ordovician edrioasteroids from Morocco. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, SP485.6. doi:10.1144/SP485.6

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Taylor, K. H., Rouse, G. W., and Messing, C. G. (2018). Revising Mariametridae: the genera Dichrometra, Lamprometra, and Liparometra (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Systematics and Biodiversity 16, 142–159. doi:10.1080/14772000.2017.1375044

Zamora, S., Aurell, M., Veitch, M., Saulsbury, J., López-Horgue, M., Fernando, F., Arz, J. A., and Baumiller, T. (2018). Environmental distribution of post-Palaeozoic crinoids from the Iberian and south-Pyrenean basins (NE Spain). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 63. doi:10.4202/app.00520.2018

Zamora, S., and Sumrall, C. D. (2018). The first report of coronates (Echinodermata) from Africa. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, SP485.8. doi:10.1144/SP485.8



Bauer, J. E., Sumrall, C. D., and Waters, J. A. (2017). Hydrospire morphology and implications for blastoid phylogeny. Journal of Paleontology 91, 847–857. doi:10.1017/jpa.2017.2

Cole, S. R., Ausich, W. I., Colmenar, J., and Zamora, S. (2017). Filling the Gondwanan gap: paleobiogeographic implications of new crinoids from the Castillejo and Fombuena formations (Middle and Upper Ordovician, Iberian Chains, Spain). Journal of Paleontology 91, 715–734. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.135

Deline, B., and Ausich, W. I. (2017). Character selection and the quantification of morphological disparity. Paleobiology 43, 68–84. doi:10.1017/pab.2016.28

Deline, B., and Thomka, J. R. (2017). The role of preservation on the quantification of morphology and patterns of disparity within Paleozoic echinoderms. Journal of Paleontology 91, 618–632. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.129

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Linchangco, G. V., Foltz, D. W., Reid, R., Williams, J., Nodzak, C., Kerr, A. M., Miller, A. K., Hunter, R., Wilson, N. G., Nielsen, W. J., Mah, C. L., Rouse, G. W., Wray, G. A., and Janies, D. A. (2017). The phylogeny of extant starfish (Asteroidea: Echinodermata) including Xyloplax, based on comparative transcriptomics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 115, 161–170. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.07.022

Mah, C. L. (2017). Overview of the Ferdina-like Goniasteridae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) including a new subfamily, three new genera and fourteen new species. Zootaxa 4271, 1–72. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4271.1.1

Mao, Y., Ausich, W. I., Li, Y., Lin, J.-P., and Lin, C. (2017). New taxa and phyletic evolution of the Aeronian (Llandovery, Silurian) Petalocrinidae (Echinodermata, Crinoidea) in Guizhou, South China Block. Journal of Paleontology 91, 477–492. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.156

Miller, A. K., Kerr, A. M., Paulay, G., Reich, M., Wilson, N. G., Carvajal, J. I., and Rouse, G. W. (2017). Molecular phylogeny of extant Holothuroidea (Echinodermata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 111, 110–131. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.02.014

Roux, M., and Messing, C. G. (2017). Stalked crinoids collected off California with descriptions of three new genera and two new species of Hyocrinidae (Echinodermata). Pacific Science 71, 329–365. doi:10.2984/71.3.7

Runcie, D. E., Dorey, N., Garfield, D. A., Stumpp, M., Dupont, S., and Wray, G. A. (2017). Genomic characterization of the evolutionary potential of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis facing ocean acidification. Genome Biology and Evolution, evw272. doi:10.1093/gbe/evw272

Sheffield, S. L., and Sumrall, C. D. (2017). Generic revision of the Holocystitidae of North America (Diploporita, Echinodermata) based on universal elemental homology. Journal of Paleontology 91, 755–766. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.159

Stevenson, A., Gahn, F. J., Baumiller, T. K., and Sevastopulo, G. D. (2017). Predation on feather stars by regular echinoids as evidenced by laboratory and field observations and its paleobiological implications. Paleobiology 43, 274–285. doi:10.1017/pab.2016.39

Summers, M. M., Messing, C. G., and Rouse, G. W. (2017). The genera and species of Comatulidae (Comatulida: Crinoidea): Taxonomic revisions and a molecular and morphological guide. Zootaxa 4268, 151–190. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4268.2.1

Waters, J. A., White, L. E., Sumrall, C. D., and Nguyen, B. K. (2017). A new model of respiration in blastoid (Echinodermata) hydrospires based on computational fluid dynamic simulations of virtual 3D models. Journal of Paleontology 91, 662–671. doi:10.1017/jpa.2017.1

Wright, D. F., Ausich, W. I., Cole, S. R., Peter, M. E., and Rhenberg, E. C. (2017). Phylogenetic taxonomy and classification of the Crinoidea (Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 91, 829–846. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.142

Zamora, S., Deline, B., Javier Álvaro, J., and Rahman, I. A. (2017a). The Cambrian Substrate Revolution and the early evolution of attachment in suspension-feeding echinoderms. Earth-Science Reviews 171, 478–491. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.06.018

Zamora, S., Sumrall, C. D., Zhu, X. J., and Lefebvre, B. (2017b). A new stemmed echinoderm from the Furongian of China and the origin of Glyptocystitida (Blastozoa, Echinodermata). Geological Magazine 154, 465–475. doi:10.1017/S001675681600011X



Ausich, W. I., and Kammer, T. W. (2016). Exaptation of pelmatozoan oral surfaces: constructional pathways in tegmen evolution. Journal of Paleontology 90, 689–720. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.73

Ausich, W. I., and Wilson, M. A. (2016). Llandovery (early Silurian) crinoids from Hiiumaa Island, western Estonia. Journal of Paleontology 90, 1138–1147. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.120

Caballes, C. F., Pratchett, M. S., Kerr, A. M., and Rivera-Posada, J. A. (2016). The role of maternal nutrition on oocyte size and quality, with respect to early larval development in the coral-eating starfish, Acanthaster planci Ed J. G. Knott. PLOS ONE 11, e0158007. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158007

Dattilo, B. F., Freeman, R. L., Peters, W. S., Heimbrock, W. P., Deline, B., Martin, A. J., Kallmeyer, J. W., Reeder, J., and Argast, A. (2016). Giants among micromorphs: Were cincinnatian (Ordovician, Katian) small shelly phosphatic faunas dwarfed? Palaios 31, 55–70. doi:10.2110/palo.2015.040

Ferretti, A., Ausich, W. I., Corrandini, C., Corriga, M. G., and Schönlaub, H. P. (2016). Stars in the Silurian sky. A case study from the Carnic Alps, Austria. Geologica Acta 14, 335–347. doi:10.1344/GeologicaActa2016.14.4.1

Galac, M. R., Bosch, I., and Janies, D. A. (2016). Bacterial communities of oceanic sea star (Asteroidea: Echinodermata) larvae. Marine Biology 163, 162. doi:10.1007/s00227-016-2938-3

Glover, A., Wiklund, H., Rabone, M., Amon, D., Smith, C., O’Hara, T., Mah, C., and Dahlgren, T. (2016). Abyssal fauna of the UK-1 polymetallic nodule exploration claim, Clarion-Clipperton Zone, central Pacific Ocean: Echinodermata. Biodiversity Data Journal 4, e7251. doi:10.3897/BDJ.4.e7251

Gorzelak, P., Salamon, M. A., Trzęsiok, D., Lach, R., and Baumiller, T. K. (2016). Diversity dynamics of post-Palaeozoic crinoids – in quest of the factors affecting crinoid macroevolution. Lethaia 49, 231–244. doi:10.1111/let.12141

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Kammer, T. W., Bartels, C., and Ausich, W. I. (2016). Presumed postlarval pentacrinoids from the Lower Devonian Hunsrück Slate, Germany. Lethaia 49, 307–311. doi:10.1111/let.12147

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Mah, C. L. (2016a). A new species of Brisingenes from the Hawaii undersea military munitions assessment area with an overview of Hawaiian brisingid in situ video observations and functional morphology of subambulacral spines (Forcipulatacea; Asteroidea). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 128, 43–52. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.06.003

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Messing, C. G. (2016). Porphyrocrinus daniellalevyae n. sp. (Echinodermata: Crinoidea), a sea lily from the tropical western Atlantic with a unique crown pattern. Zootaxa 4147, 1–35. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4147.1.1

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O’Malley, C. E., Ausich, W. I., and Chin, Y.-P. (2016). Deep echinoderm phylogeny preserved in organic molecules from Paleozoic fossils. Geology 44, 379–382. doi:10.1130/G37761.1

Oulhen, N., Heyland, A., Carrier, T. J., Zazueta-Novoa, V., Fresques, T., Laird, J., Onorato, T. M., Janies, D., and Wessel, G. (2016). Regeneration in bipinnaria larvae of the bat star Patiria miniata induces rapid and broad new gene expression. Mechanisms of Development 142, 10–21. doi:10.1016/j.mod.2016.08.003

Rhenberg, E. C., Ausich, W. I., and Meyer, D. L. (2016). Actinocrinitidae from the Lower Mississippian Fort Payne Formation of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama (Crinoidea, Viséan). Journal of Paleontology 90, 1148–1159. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.85

Thompson, J. R., and Ausich, W. I. (2016). Facies distribution and taphonomy of echinoids from the Fort Payne Formation (late Osagean, early Viséan, Mississippian) of Kentucky. Journal of Paleontology 90, 239–249. doi:10.1017/jpa.2016.46



Ausich, W. I., Kammer, T. W., Rhenberg, E. C., and Wright, D. F. (2015a). Early phylogeny of crinoids within the Pelmatozoan clade Ed A. Smith. Palaeontology 58, 937–952. doi:10.1111/pala.12204

Ausich, W. I., Kammer, T. W., Wright, D. F., Cole, S. R., Peter, M. E., and Rhenberg, E. C. (2015b). Toward a phylogenetic classification of the Crinoidea (Echinodermata). In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 29–32. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Ausich, W. I., Peter, M. E., and Ettensohn, F. R. (2015c). Echinoderms from the lower Silurian Brassfield Formation of east-central Kentucky. Journal of Paleontology 89, 245–256. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.20

Ausich, W. I., Rozhnov, S. V., and Kammer, T. W. (2015d). Iocrinid crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia. Paleontological Journal 49, 145–152. doi:10.1134/S0031030115020069

Ausich, W. I., Stelck, C. R., Plint, A. G., Buckley, R. A., and Angiel, P. J. (2015e). Early Cretaceous (?early late Albian) echinoderms from northeastern British Columbia, Canada Ed J. Jin. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 52, 235–243. doi:10.1139/cjes-2014-0218

Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., and Vinn, O. (2015f). Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 89, 72–81. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.6

Bauer, J. E., Sumrall, C. D., and Waters, J. (2015). Classifying blastoids through hydrospire morphology. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 33–36. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Blake, D. B., Donovan, S. K., Mah, C. L., and Dixon, H. L. (2015). Asteroid (Echinodermata) skeletal elements from upper Oligocene deposits of Jamaica and Antigua. Geological Magazine 152, 1043–1056. doi:10.1017/S0016756815000096

Byrne, M., Koop, D., Cisternas, P., Strbenac, D., Yang, J. Y. H., and Wray, G. A. (2015). Transcriptomic analysis of Nodal- and BMP-associated genes during juvenile development of the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma. Marine Genomics 24, 41–45. doi:10.1016/j.margen.2015.05.019

Christensen, A. B., Herman, J. L., Elphick, M. R., Kober, K. M., Janies, D., Linchangco, G., Semmens, D. C., Bailly, X., Vinogradov, S. N., and Hoogewijs, D. (2015). Phylogeny of echinoderm hemoglobins Ed H. Escriva. PLOS ONE 10, e0129668. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129668

Clouse, R. M., Linchangco, G. V., Kerr, A. M., Reid, R. W., and Janies, D. A. (2015). Phylotranscriptomic analysis uncovers a wealth of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases variants in echinoderms. Royal Society Open Science 2, 150377. doi:10.1098/rsos.150377

Cole, S. R., and Ausich, W. I. (2015). Phylogenetic analysis of the Ordovician Diplobathrida (subclass Camerata, class Crinoidea): implications for early camerate evolution. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 41–44. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Deline, B. (2015). Quantifying morphological diversity in early Paleozoic echinoderms. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 45–48. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Kallmeyer, J. W., and Ausich, W. I. (2015). Deepwater occurrence of a new Glyptocrinus (Crinoidea, Camerata) from the Late Ordovician of southwestern Ohio and northern Kentucky: Revision of crinoid paleocommunity composition. Journal of Paleontology 89, 1068–1075. doi:10.1017/jpa.2015.72

Lefebvre, B., Ausich, W. I., Clausen, S., Courville, P., Kundura, J.-P., Legrain, X., Régnault, S., and Roussel, P. (2015). A review of Ordovician crinoids from France: New data from the Darriwilian of the Armorican Massif and palaeobiogeographic implications. Annales de Paléontologie 101, 301–313. doi:10.1016/j.annpal.2015.10.004

Lin, J.-P., Ausich, W. I., and Waters, J. (2015a). Fossil echinoderm studies in China and other countries: Historical and new perspectives. Palaeoworld 24, 361–362. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2015.11.005

Lin, J.-P., Ausich, W. I., Zhao, Y.-L., Peng, J., and Tai, T.-S. (2015b). Crypto-helical body plan in partially disarticulated gogiids from the Cambrian of South China. Palaeoworld 24, 393–399. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2014.11.005

Mah, C. L. (2015a). A new Atlantic species of Evoplosoma with taxonomic summary and in situ observations of Atlantic deep-sea corallivorous Goniasteridae (Valvatida; Asteroidea). Marine Biodiversity Records 8, e5. doi:10.1017/S1755267214001407

Mah, C. L. (2015b). New species, corallivory, in situ video observations and overview of the Goniasteridae (Valvatida, Asteroidea) in the Hawaiian Region. Zootaxa 3926, 211–228. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3926.2.3

Mah, C., Linse, K., Copley, J., Marsh, L., Rogers, A., Clague, D., and Foltz, D. (2015). Description of a new family, new genus, and two new species of deep-sea Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea), including the first known sea star from hydrothermal vent habitats. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 174, 93–113. doi:10.1111/zoj.12229

Mao, Y.-Y., Lin, J.-P., Lin, C.-H., and Ausich, W. I. (2015). Chinese origin and radiation of the Palaeozoic crinoid family Petalocrinidae. Palaeoworld 24, 445–453. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2014.12.007

Meadows, C. A., Fordyce, R. E., and Baumiller, T. K. (2015). Drill holes in the irregular echinoid, Fibularia, from the Oligocene of New Zealand. Palaios 30, 810–817. doi:10.2110/palo.2015.043

Rahman, I. A., Waters, J. A., Sumrall, C. D., and Astolfo, A. (2015). Early post-metamorphic, Carboniferous blastoid reveals the evolution and development of the digestive system in echinoderms. Biology Letters 11, 20150776. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0776

Rhenberg, E. C., Ausich, W. I., and Kammer, T. W. (2015). Generic concepts in the Actinocrinitidae Austin and Austin, 1842 (class Crinoidea) and evaluation of generic assignments of species. Journal of Paleontology 89, 1–19. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.2

Sheffield, S. L., and Sumrall, C. D. (2015). A new interpretation of the oral plating patterns of the Holocystites Fauna (Diploporita, Echinodermata). In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 159–162. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Sprinkle, J., and Sumrall, C. D. (2015). New edrioasterine and astrocystitid (Echinodermata: Edrioasteroidea) from the Ninemile Shale (Lower Ordovician), central Nevada. Journal of Paleontology 89, 346–352. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.29

Sumrall, C. D. (2015). Understanding the oral area of derived stemmed echinoderms. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 169–174. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Sumrall, C. D., Deline, B., Colmenar, J., Sheffield, S. L., and Zamora, S. (2015). New data on late Ordovician (Katian) echinoderms from Sardinia, Italy. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 175–180. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Sumrall, C. D., and Sprinkle, J. (2015). Unusual ambulacral branching pattern in a new Ordovician giant edrioasteroid, Bizarroglobus. Journal of Paleontology 89, 353–359. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.30

Sumrall, C. D., and Zamora, S. (2015). A columnal-bearing eocrinoid from the Cambrian Burgess Shale (British Columbia, Canada). Journal of Paleontology 89, 366–368. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.54

Thompson, J. R., and Ausich, W. I. (2015). Testing for escalation in Lower Mississippian camerate crinoids. Paleobiology 41, 89–107. doi:10.1017/pab.2014.6

Vinn, O., Wilson, M. A., Ausich, W. I., and Toom, U. (2015). Tremichnus in crinoid pluricolumnals from the Silurian of western Estonia (Baltica). Carnets de Géologie 15, 239–243. Available at:

Waters, J. A. (2015). The evolutionary paleoecology of the Blastoidea: What have we learned in the past 29 years? In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 189–192. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Waters, J. A., Sumrall, C. D., White, L. E., and Nguyen, B. K. (2015). Advancing phylogenetic inference in the Blastoidea (Echinodermata): Virtual 3D reconstructions of the internal anatomy. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 193–198. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Wright, D. F., and Ausich, W. I. (2015). From the stem to the crown: Phylogeny and diversification of pan-cladid crinoids. In ‘Progress in Echinoderm Palaeobiology. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero 19’. (Eds S. Zamora and I. Rábano.) pp. 199–202. (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España: Madrid.)

Zamora, S., Rahman, I. A., and Ausich, W. I. (2015a). Palaeogeographic implications of a new iocrinid crinoid (Disparida) from the Ordovician (Darriwillian) of Morocco. PeerJ 3, e1450. doi:10.7717/peerj.1450

Zamora, S., Sumrall, C. D., and Sprinkle, J. (2015b). New long-stemmed eocrinoid from the Furongian Point Peak Shale Member of the Wilberns Formation, central Texas. Journal of Paleontology 89, 189–193. doi:10.1017/jpa.2014.16



Chattopadhyay, D., Rathie, A., Miller, D., and Baumiller, T. (2014). Hydrodynamic effects of drill holes on postmortem transportation of bivalve shells and its taphonomic implications. Palaios 28, 875–884. doi:10.2110/palo.2013.029

Donovan, S. K., Ausich, W. I., Wilson, M. A., and Peter, M. E. (2014). A Middle Ordovician crinoid from the beach gravels of Ristna Cape, Hiiumaa Island, Estonia. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 125, 96–98. doi:10.1016/j.pgeola.2013.05.003

Gale, K. S. P., Mah, C., Hamel, J.-F., and Mercier, A. (2014). New records of brisingidan asteroids (Asteroidea: Brisingida) in eastern Canada. Marine Biodiversity Records 7, e125. doi:10.1017/S1755267214001201

GIGA Community of Scientists (2014). The Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA): Developing community resources to study diverse invertebrate genomes. Journal of Heredity 105, 1–18. doi:10.1093/jhered/est084

Howells, C., and Kammer, T. (2014). A new crinoid from the Mississippian (Early Carboniferous) of South Pembrokeshire, Wales. Geological Journal 49, 207–212. doi:10.1002/gj.2514

Kerr, A. M. (2014). Survey of the shallow-water echinoderms of Nauru, Micronesia. University of Guam Marine Laboratory Technical Report 158. Mangilao, Guam.

Kerr, A. M., Kim, S. W., and Miller, A. K. (2014). The shallow-water holothuroids of Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia. University of Guam Marine Laboratory Technical Report 155. Mangilao, Guam.

Kim, S. W., Miller, A. K., Brunson, C., Netchy, K., Clouse, R. M., Janies, D., Tardy, E., and Kerr, A. M. (2014). Shallow-water holothuroids (Echinodermata) of Yap, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 68, 397–420. doi:10.2984/68.3.8

Krivicich, E. B., Ausich, W. I., and Meyer, D. L. (2014). Crinoid assemblages from the Fort Payne Formation (late Osagean, early Viséan, Mississippian) from Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. Journal of Paleontology 88, 1154–1162. doi:10.1666/13-180

Mah, C. L., and Foltz, D. W. (2014). New taxa and taxonomic revisions to the Poraniidae (Valvatacea; Asteroidea) with comments on feeding biology. Zootaxa 3795, 327. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3795.3.7

Mah, C., Neill, K., Eléaume, M., and Foltz, D. (2014). New species and global revision of Hippasteria (Hippasterinae: Goniasteridae; Asteroidea; Echinodermata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171, 422–456. doi:10.1111/zoj.12131

O’Malley, C. E., Ausich, W. I., and Chin, Y.-P. (2014). Isolation and characterization of the earliest taxon-specific organic molecules (Mississippian, Crinoidea): Reply. Geology 42, e322–e322. doi:10.1130/G35388Y.1

Rhenberg, E. C., Miller, J. F., and Ausich, W. I. (2014). Collicrinus excavatus (Hall, 1861), generic affinity for a Lower Mississippian crinoid (Phylum Echinodermata). Palaeoworld 23, 252–257. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2013.11.006

Salamon, M. A., Gorzelak, P., Niedźwiedzki, R., Trzęsiok, D., and Baumiller, T. K. (2014). Trends in shell fragmentation as evidence of mid-Paleozoic changes in marine predation. Paleobiology 40, 14–23. doi:10.1666/13018

Shroat-Lewis, R., Sumrall, C. D., McKinney, M. L., and Meyer, D. L. (2014). A paleoecologic comparison of two edrioasteroid (Echinodermata) encrusted pavements from the Upper Ordovician Corryville Formation of Florence, Kentucky and the Miamitown Shale of Sharonville, Ohio, U.S.A. Palaios 29, 154–169. doi:10.2110/palo.2013.034

Summers, M. M., Messing, C. G., and Rouse, G. W. (2014). Phylogeny of Comatulidae (Echinodermata: Crinoidea: Comatulida): A new classification and an assessment of morphological characters for crinoid taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80, 319–339. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.06.030

Summers, M. M., and Rouse, G. W. (2014). Phylogeny of Myzostomida (Annelida) and their relationships with echinoderm hosts. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14, 1–15. doi:10.1186/s12862-014-0170-7

Syverson, V. J., and Baumiller, T. K. (2014). Temporal trends of predation resistance in Paleozoic crinoid arm branching morphologies. Paleobiology 40, 417–427. doi:10.1666/13063

Syverson, V., Messing, C. G., Stanley, K., and Baumiller, T. K. (2014). Growth, injury, and population dynamics in the extant cyrtocrinid Holopus mikihe (Crinoidea, Echinodermata) near Roatán, Honduras. Bulletin of Marine Science 91, 47–61. doi:10.5343/bms.2014.1061

Wilson, M. A., Reinthal, E. A., and Ausich, W. I. (2014). Parasitism of a new apiocrinitid crinoid species from the Middle Jurassic (Callovian) of southern Israel. Journal of Paleontology 88, 1212–1221. doi:10.1666/14-009

Wygoda, J. A., Yang, Y., Byrne, M., and Wray, G. A. (2014). Transcriptomic analysis of the highly derived radial body plan of a sea urchin. Genome Biology and Evolution 6, 964–973. doi:10.1093/gbe/evu070


Selected publications before 2014

Ausich, W. I., and Deline, B. (2012). Macroevolutionary transition in crinoids following the Late Ordovician extinction event (Ordovician to Early Silurian). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 361362, 38–48. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.07.022

Baumiller, T. K., and Janevski, G. A. (2011). On the swimming function of crinoid cirri. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 130, 19–24. doi:10.1007/s13358-010-0004-1

Gorzelak, P., Salamon, M. A., and Baumiller, T. K. (2012). Predator-induced macroevolutionary trends in Mesozoic crinoids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 7004–7007. doi:10.1073/pnas.1201573109

Haig, J. A., Gillanders, B. M., and Rouse, G. W. (2012). Live fast, die young: the life cycle of the brooding feather star Aporometra wilsoni (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Invertebrate Biology 131, 235–243. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2012.00270.x

Hearn, P. W., and Deline, B. (2012). A new species of Paradiabolocrinus from the Upper Ordovician of central Kentucky, USA. Southeastern Geology 49, 25–30.

Janies, D. A. (2013). Xyloplax. In ‘McGraw-Hill 2013 Yearbook of Science & Technology’. (McGraw-Hill: New York.) doi:10.1036/1097-8542.YB130036

Janies, D. A., Studer, J., Handelman, S. K., and Linchangco, G. (2013). A comparison of supermatrix and supertree methods for multilocus phylogenetics using organismal datasets. Cladistics 29, 560–566. doi:10.1111/cla.12014

Janies, D. A., Voight, J. R., and Daly, M. (2011). Echinoderm phylogeny Including Xyloplax, a progenetic asteroid. Systematic Biology 60, 420–438. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syr044

Kammer, T. W., Sumrall, C. D., Zamora, S., Ausich, W. I., and Deline, B. (2013). Oral region homologies in Paleozoic crinoids and other plesiomorphic pentaradial echinoderms Ed D. Soares. PLoS ONE 8, e77989. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077989

Rouse, G. W., Jermiin, L. S., Wilson, N. G., Eeckhaut, I., Lanterbecq, D., Oji, T., Young, C. M., Browning, T., Cisternas, P., Helgen, L. E., Stuckey, M., and Messing, C. G. (2013). Fixed, free, and fixed: The fickle phylogeny of extant Crinoidea (Echinodermata) and their Permian–Triassic origin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66, 161–181. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.018

Sallan, L. C., Kammer, T. W., Ausich, W. I., and Cook, L. A. (2011). Persistent predator-prey dynamics revealed by mass extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 8335–8338. doi:10.1073/pnas.1100631108

Sumrall, C. D., Heredia, S., Rodriguez, C. M., and Mestre, A. I. (2012). The first report of South American edrioasteroids and the paleoecology and ontogeny of rhenopyrgid echinoderms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 58, 763–776. doi:10.4202/app.2011.0108

Zamora, S., Sumrall, C. D., and Vizcaino, D. (2012). Morphology and ontogeny of the Cambrian edrioasteroid echinoderm Cambraster cannati from western Gondwana. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 58, 545–559. doi:10.4202/app.2011.0152