Should resource managers become more aggressive in restoration actions for ecosystems that are in extreme distress and unlikely to recover otherwise? And how would such ecosystems be identified? A damage assessment on Florida Keys reefs following Hurricane Irma revealed a diversity of damage types that would be expected following a strong hurricane, but some that were not expected. But it was also an opportunity to witness extreme changes in that environment that have occurred since the early 1980's and raised questions about policy changes that may be warranted regarding intervention and restoration following natural disturbance. It is also stimulating debate about the possibility of broad scale restoration and approaches that may allow us to have a positive influence at a much larger scale than in the past.