The AWARE Mission Lesson Plans fulfill the three curricular dimensions of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Disciplinary Core Idea (DCI) Arrangements of the Next Generation Standards for Earth Science and Physical Science are fulfilled as well. Download PDF here.

List of common NGSS acronymns. Download PDF here.

Science & Engineering Practices

    • Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
      • Constructing explanations and designing solutions in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to include constructing explanations and designing solutions supported by multiple sources of evidence consistent with scientific ideas, principles, and theories.
        • Apply scientific ideas or principles to design an object, tool, process or system.
      • Constructing explanations and designing solutions in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to explanations and designs that are supported by multiple and independent student-generated sources of evidence consistent with scientific ideas, principles, and theories.


  • Developing and Using Models
    • Modeling in 6–8 builds on K–5 and progresses to developing, using and revising models to describe, test, and predict more abstract phenomena and design systems.
      • Develop a model to predict and/or describe phenomena. (MS-PS1-1),(MS-PS1-4)
    • Modeling in 9–12 builds on K–8 and progresses to using, synthesizing, and developing models to predict and show relationships among variables between systems and their components in the natural and designed worlds

Disciplinary Content Ideas

  • PS2.A: Forces and Motion
  • PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
  • PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces in Antarctica

Crosscutting Concepts

  • Systems and System Models
    • Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions—such as inputs, processes and outputs—and energy and matter flows within systems.
        • When investigating or describing a system, the boundaries and initial conditions of the system need to be defined.
    • Cause and Effect
        • Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.


    Related Performance Expectations

    Remember, performance expectations are not a set of instructional or assessment tasks. They are statements of what students should be able to do after instruction. This activity or unit is just one of many that could help prepare your students to perform the following hypothetical tasks that demonstrate their understanding:

    MS-PS1-4.Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

scripps oceanography uc san diego