Comment on Recent Record-Breaking CO2 Concentrations

mlo_one_week

Levels exceeded 409 parts per million for the first time in recorded history this month

We are now witnessing the fastest growth rates of the entire record of CO2 measurements. This record-breaking growth is an expected consequence of the near record-breaking fossil fuel usage combined with the largest El Niño event in several decades.

The very recent bump up in CO2 levels recorded at Mauna Loa Observatory is not entirely unexpected because there is often significant uptick in CO2 near the beginning of April before concentrations peak in May. This bump presumably reflects the fact that soils start to warm well before vegetation greens up in spring. The soil warming allows CO2 to be emitted as organic matter such as compost decomposes. In a matter of weeks this soil emission will be offset by photosynthetic uptake, as the vegetation starts to turn on.

The bump is also getting a boost from the El Niño phenomenon, which is causing additional anomalous emissions from tropical forests through drought and fires.

Still, the levels last week were a bit higher, maybe by a part per million or two, than I would have projected even taking El Niño into account.  I’m frankly not sure what is causing this, but I would not expect it reflects anything other than an unusual blob of air that temporarily settled over the central Pacific. It is clear that other sites around the world where CO2 is meansured are showing the El Niño boost, but I haven’t consulted the most recent data to see if they show anything special over the last few weeks.  The bump last week was seen on both the NOAA and Scripps analyzers at Mauna Loa.

The larger story remains that Earth hasn’t seen levels this high in at least several million years.  Unless fossil fuel emissions soon drop significantly below current levels, I expect CO2 levels will surpass the 450 mark by around 2035 and the 500 mark around 2065.

Barring some major breakthrough that allows excess CO2 to be scrubbed from the air, it is currently an impossibility for us to reach the target of 350 ppm that many consider the threshold of dangerous climate change effects.  I expect it will take at least 1,000 years before CO2 drops again below 350 ppm.

– Ralph Keeling, director of Scripps CO2 Group

20 thoughts on “Comment on Recent Record-Breaking CO2 Concentrations”

  1. —I have found myself increasingly chastised by climate change campaigners when my public statements and lectures do not satisfy their thirst for environmental drama, and just as evidence is irrefutable and I think that the problem must be faced and action taken, the discourse of catastrophe still grows dangerously tipping society onto a negative, depressive and reactionary trajectory…
    …the huge planetary transformation that we have started is not a problem waiting for a solution, least of all a solution delivered and packaged by science, but a powerful back-slash that should transform the way we develop as a civilization, indeed…
    … the buildup of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases cannot be quickly reversed with existing technologies, and even if every engine on earth were shut down today, right now, there would be no measurable impact on the warming rate for decades, given the buildup of heat already banked in the seas… climate activists and some deluded scientists still believe that the only way to preserve the Holocene climate humans are used to is to cut carbon dioxide atmospheric concentrations to 350 parts per million, last seen around 1988: that’s like a 70-year-old alcoholic saying, ‘I’m going quit drinking when I’m 60 years old…’
    … because of its scale and time lag, a better strategy is to treat human-caused planetary transformation more as a risk to be reduced than a problem to be solved… at this point, climate change is so politicized that it’s difficult for the general public to sort out what scientists really know—and don’t know—about it… and that sucks!

    1. Time will tell as is always the case…if we adapt,or not….in any event a lot of Beachfront property is going to be lost,as well as ports,infrastructure etc….your comment is commendable!

    2. Hi Gill,

      I’m not sure why you’re calling it a risk rather than a problem; isn’t the difference that one is probabilistic in nature and the other a fact? At what certainty does “a risk” become “a problem”. If we are 99% sure (which according to the IPCC we are) that global surface temperatures are rising due to anthropogenic forcing and we know the consequences of them rising, why is this still a risk?

      I think a more accurate analogy is: “It’s more like a 45-year old finally quitting smoking at 45 whom
      1) at 30 years old was diagnosed with lung cancer,
      2) at 35 years old was informed his cancer was likely caused by smoking,
      3) at 40 years old was told he would live an extra year past 50 for every year he quit.

    3. While I agree with what you’ve posted here, I grow anxious watching these facts and the accelerating extinction rates being buried by the media in favor of who’s dancing, fishing, or driving a car. Media has yet to step up and inform the masses. I emailed a local meteorologist and asked if the station was even considering an hour a week to this end – no reply.

    4. Dear Friend, I must differ with this position. We must accept some of the changes that you mention and realize that we are not going to see any downward carbon dioxide trend soon. However, it is essential for educated mankind to recognize the changes in CO2 that we are causing. I for one do not try to focus upon the thinking of fanatically shutting everything down, nor returning to a much less advanced way of living. However, in our American society we need to begin to recognize that there are anti competitive forces which are preventing the Advancement of mankind into renewable energy. We need to focus upon FACTS. This is what is so dangerous in the present debate. Financial motivations of our large Fossil Fuel producers are not permitting the American public to learn the correct facts. This is creating a situation which is not reflective of true Free Enterprise. Competitive energy generation is being lied about by the majority Fossil Fuel generating industry and the public terribly misled in false propaganda campaigns backed by these “Energy” companies. There is no more UnAmerican method of behavior.

      Let us mention Electricity Generation just for 1 example. I will use our closest Ally and Geographical friend and neighbor. Canada presently relies on 66 percent Hydroelectric Generation for their electricity. It relies upon about 15 percent Nuclear Power Generation. There is some wind energy generation, oil, and biomass. It relies upon only 9 percent electrical power generation from COAL. Nevertheless, Canada has tremendous amounts of Coal. It must be seen that Canada has thought this through and uses the renewable energy of Hydroelectric as its backbone.

      Here in our United States, we rely 36 percent upon coal, 27 percent Natural Gas, 19 percent Nuclear, 6 percent Hydroelectric, 4.4 percent Wind Energy, only 0.4 percent Solar, and about 0.4 percent Geothermal. If we consider the entire energy apparatus, including transportation, the USA is run 82 percent by Fossil Fuels. We still import over 45 percent of our oil despite the propaganda that the oil shale boom has freed us into a new age of independence. This too is false propaganda.

      When a group such as the fossil fuel industry stands so much to lose from the Wealthiest consumer in the world–The American Consumer–it will lie, cheat, and steal its way into any position to ensure the continuation of their tremendous profits. This is done at any cost, lives lost in war, record levels of CO2 concentrations reached, more and more air pollution, twisting and misleading arguments that we cannot transition to renewable energy much faster and at an economically viable rate Right Now…In such an untrustworthy environment where one lie after another is identified from this industry, its backers, and propaganda machine, even political pawns and admirers, primarily for money’s sake…the argument eventually becomes much more like a good versus evil kind of argument. The caring and concerned Scientists or citizens on one side, and those who will lie at any cost on the other, or like Lemmings follow the crowd, for the sake of filthy lucre or its momentary benefits. This is the present condition of the our USA. When a rational, educated person follows the propaganda machine of the fossil fuel industry and its money and its political pawns, I find it to be a kind of peer pressure. A desire to believe that everything in our Business as Usual world is and will be ok, that these chickens will never come home to roost. This false security always will come home to roost. It did in 1991 in the Persian Gulf War that I went to, and has since 2001 in the several wars that we have conducted against a tremendously evil enemy–which wars we can always trace back to disputes and fights over that great world commodity OIL.

      There have been 2 great drivers of our Industrial Revolutions. First it was Coal, next it was Oil. The 3rd Great Industrial Revolution must be powered by Renewable Energy. It IS OK TO USE OUR FOSSIL FUEL NOW. Do not confuse what I am trying to say about this. If we do not press forward with the present energy apparatus, we will stall. We must use the present Generation and Fuel apparatus to build the wind energy farms and solar farms that will convert this nation to clean electrical power generation. If we do not do that, I am going to tell you right here and now that we have a few decades left and then it will be economic curtains for the USA. That is where we are headed if we do not develop a strong, sustainable, renewable energy apparatus to replace our existing Coal based power plants. There will continue to be rises each year of approximately 2ppm in CO2 at least until the middle of this century IF we actually transition to renewable energy in electricity generation and replace our Coal burning apparatus over time. This is unavoidable since we cannot shut down our present apparatus and fuel dependence before building out this new renewable energy base of our economy. This type of generation will also lead to more electric cars, these will become the vehicle of choice, it is only a matter of time. However, the present anti competitive, Lying Forces of the Fossil Fuel industry, its profit focused champions–who depend upon YOU AND ME to consume and support it, do not care about our future being a sustainable one. Think this over a good long while and you will see this is year after year becoming an argument of truth versus lies, fuel and carbon energy based profits versus persons and versus humanity itself. A very few winners and a whole lot of losers fighting for a share of an ever increasingly scarce commodity called OIL. And, don’t kid yourself, we are not producing any more oil than we produced in the USA than in 1970. We just don’t, it is even LESS. Search for the facts yourself. The Truth will set you free. The Truth will set all of us free, as will the 3rd Industrial Revolution based upon Clean, Permanent, Renewable Energy.

      Then, over time, CO2 levels will at least Stabilize and slowly begin to head down as the plants and the forests and the oceans of the earth do their job to mitigate the amount of CO2 we have burned up to the atmosphere. This will take time, but it will never happen when the wealthiest citizens of planet earth, here in our United States abdicate the position of Leadership the world needs us to show at this time, in this True Scientific factual evidence based portrait of where we are at and how we need to change to get where we need to be.

      Abdicating that responsibility by being just another Lemming listening to the fossil fuel profiteers, is not going to get you or me, nor anyone else ahead…just a bit more controlled as Bigtime paying consumers of a scarce resource…ready to send me or my kids or yours back to war over that resource once again. It is the most selfish position on planet earth to cower when a Solution or 2 or 3 is right in our grasp and we choose…

      Not to Lead…but to cower and follow our fossil fuel minders and masters in their never ending propaganda machine.

      RH Henkle
      West Point Class of 1989

    5. I left a fairly long reply for you Gil. I find your post to be very defeatist. I have recognized this more and more from persons who are primarily Fossil Fuel enthusiasts as I like to term them. Such base their thinking and beliefs on their present wallet and how serious societal changes will effect that wallet. This thinking misses the entire big picture. The true cost of our Oil and Fossil fuel centered US economy cannot be calculated by the Cost per Kwh, or price at our pumps without adding in the Trillions that we spend for a national defense centered upon OIL and the protection of that vital resource…or the protection of its export sources. Once you serve in the Middle East and re think our chain like restraint of the Oil based economy, you too will seek real solutions instead of throwing your arms up in the air and acting like it just doesn’t matter.

      Eventually our Earth itself Will partially Mitigate these high levels of CO2. OUR JOB is to reduce them over time and move to a Carbon neutral world economy for the protection not only of Life on this planet, but also Quality of Life. What we have right now is UnSustainable. It may seem like the newest buzzword, but to an old dairy farmer like me it makes perfect sense. WE ARE KILLING THE COW WE NEED THE MILK FROM…One cannot continue in the dairy business by turning his cow into meat. We must transition to a Renewable Energy economy, this is Step One and all must get onboard. America needs to lead in this, instead of wishing to believe the excuses of the politicians and most business leaders, primarily serving the fossil fuel energy apparatus. Follow the Money to understand the Motivation against the Truth and real Science.

  2. The reason the CO2 concentration goes up in El Niño years is because the ocean water is warmer and cannot dissolve as much of the gas. There are often drought caused fires in these years as well, but it’s mostly the solution-dissolution equilibrium that is important. Conceivably, if the temperatures went down then more CO2 would dissolve, which we once thought was a good thing until we started seeing the pH go down in ocean waters. Salinity can vary quite a lot in seawater, but pH is constant and critical for continued safe operation.
    This is the big deal, far bigger than global warming or sea level rise. We are running the risk of killing off a good deal of the ocean.
    Now let that sink in for a bit.

    1. Good point. We are still at the “hunting wild animals” stage eg. fishing the oceans. We hardly know whats in there and fish are becoming a more and more critical part of the human diet. As you say as the pH goes down and oceans become more acidic, more and more marine life will face extinction. Something to really think about!

  3. Any chance part of the increase above expected values might be calibration error? I think I remember a few in the 0.5 to 1.5 ppm range.

  4. From RH Henkle, West Point Class of 1989, US Army Retired. There have been some posts which present the position that we are in a losing battle that does not matter. This CO2 problem matters more than any of us realize. However it will take time to combat and requires a gigantic National Energy Transition to clean energy from the present Fossil Fuel based apparatus. IF it occurs abruptly we will fail. It must be consistent and powerful, but will depend upon fossil fuel use until at least Mid Century for us to build the new R.E. apparatus. As we reach a Peak in CO2 worldwide emissions, we will then begin to head downward as Sustainability measures are implemented worldwide on a consistent basis. This will require American Leadership. Our present challenge is to lead Americans to accept this reality and move forward with this challenge. We have not yet accomplished that. I try to explain why in some of this letter. It is not an easy fight, but it is becoming easier each successive year to any educated American as they realize the real dangers of inaction.

    I must differ with such a position of “It just doesn’t matter”. There are real solutions and the United States must accept its unique position and become the world leader in an Energy Transformation. It will take time, but we do not have the kind of time that will keep us the world’s leading power if we do not act soon to transform to a Renewable Energy Economy. Eventually, Oil Price shocks will bury us if we continue to be so dependent upon fossil fuels for transportation and carbon for Electricity generation. We will be buried economically, in military disputes and competition over scarce fossil fuels, and in severe climate change this century. So, we have a few Decades to accomplish this. It must be accepted soon by the American public or we will check ourselves into an untenable position from which we will not be able to recover.

    That being said, we are not going to see any major downward carbon dioxide trend soon. However, it is essential for educated mankind to recognize the upward changes in CO2 that we are causing and gain Resolve for a transformation, primarily in Energy and Transportation. I for one do not try to focus upon the thinking of fanatically shutting everything down, nor returning to a much less advanced way of living. However, in our American society we need to begin to recognize that there are anti competitive forces which are preventing the Advancement of mankind into renewable energy. We need to focus upon FACTS. This is what is so dangerous in the present debate. Financial motivations of our large Fossil Fuel producers are not permitting the American public to learn the correct facts. This is creating a situation which is not reflective of true Free Enterprise. Competitive energy generation is being lied about by the majority Fossil Fuel generating industry and the public terribly misled in false propaganda campaigns backed by these “Energy” companies. There is no more UnAmerican method of behavior.

    Let us mention Electricity Generation just for 1 example. I will use our closest Ally and Geographical friend and neighbor. Canada presently relies on 66 percent Hydroelectric Generation for their electricity. It relies upon about 15 percent Nuclear Power Generation. There is some wind energy generation, oil, and biomass. It relies upon only 9 percent electrical power generation from COAL. Nevertheless, Canada has tremendous amounts of Coal. It must be seen that Canada has thought this through and uses the renewable energy of Hydroelectric as its backbone.

    Here in our United States, we rely 36 percent upon coal, 27 percent Natural Gas, 19 percent Nuclear, 6 percent Hydroelectric, 4.4 percent Wind Energy, only 0.4 percent Solar, and about 0.4 percent Geothermal. If we consider the entire energy apparatus, including transportation, the USA is run 82 percent by Fossil Fuels. We still import over 45 percent of our oil despite the propaganda that the oil shale boom has freed us into a new age of independence. This too is false propaganda.

    When a group such as the fossil fuel industry stands so much to lose from the Wealthiest consumer in the world–The American Consumer–it will lie, cheat, and steal its way into any position to ensure the continuation of their tremendous profits. This is done at any cost, lives lost in war, record levels of CO2 concentrations reached, more and more air pollution, twisting and misleading arguments that we cannot transition to renewable energy much faster and at an economically viable rate Right Now…In such an untrustworthy environment where one lie after another is identified from this industry, its backers, and propaganda machine, even political pawns and admirers, primarily for money’s sake…the argument eventually becomes much more like a good versus evil kind of argument. The caring and concerned Scientists or citizens on one side, and those who will lie at any cost on the other, or like Lemmings follow the crowd, for the sake of filthy lucre or its momentary benefits. This is the present condition of the our USA. When a rational, educated person follows the propaganda machine of the fossil fuel industry and its money and its political pawns, I find it to be a kind of peer pressure. A desire to believe that everything in our Business as Usual world is and will be ok, that these chickens will never come home to roost. This false security always will come home to roost. It did in 1991 in the Persian Gulf War that I went to, and has since 2001 in the several wars that we have conducted against a tremendously evil enemy–which wars we can always trace back to disputes and fights over that great world commodity OIL.

    There have been 2 great drivers of our Industrial Revolutions. First it was Coal, next it was Oil. The 3rd Great Industrial Revolution must be powered by Renewable Energy. It IS OK TO USE OUR FOSSIL FUEL NOW. Do not confuse what I am trying to say about this. If we do not press forward with the present energy apparatus, we will stall. We must use the present Generation and Fuel apparatus to build the wind energy farms and solar farms that will convert this nation to clean electrical power generation. If we do not do that, I am going to tell you right here and now that we have a few decades left and then it will be economic curtains for the USA. That is where we are headed if we do not develop a strong, sustainable, renewable energy apparatus to replace our existing Coal based power plants. There will continue to be rises each year of approximately 2ppm in CO2 at least until the middle of this century IF we actually transition to renewable energy in electricity generation and replace our Coal burning apparatus over time. This is unavoidable since we cannot shut down our present apparatus and fuel dependence before building out this new renewable energy base of our economy. This type of generation will also lead to more electric cars, these will become the vehicle of choice, it is only a matter of time. However, the present anti competitive, Lying Forces of the Fossil Fuel industry, its profit focused champions–who depend upon YOU AND ME to consume and support it, do not care about our future being a sustainable one. Think this over a good long while and you will see this is year after year becoming an argument of truth versus lies, fuel and carbon energy based profits versus persons and versus humanity itself. A very few winners and a whole lot of losers fighting for a share of an ever increasingly scarce commodity called OIL. And, don’t kid yourself, we are not producing any more oil than we produced in the USA than in 1970. We just don’t, it is even LESS. Search for the facts yourself. The Truth will set you free. The Truth will set all of us free, as will the 3rd Industrial Revolution based upon Clean, Permanent, Renewable Energy.

    Then, over time, CO2 levels will at least Stabilize and slowly begin to head down as the plants and the forests and the oceans of the earth do their job to mitigate the amount of CO2 we have burned up to the atmosphere. This will take time, but it will never happen when the wealthiest citizens of planet earth, here in our United States abdicate the position of Leadership the world needs us to show at this time, in this True Scientific factual evidence based portrait of where we are at and how we need to change to get where we need to be.

    Abdicating that responsibility by being just another Lemming listening to the fossil fuel profiteers, is not going to get you or me, nor anyone else ahead…just a bit more controlled as Bigtime paying consumers of a scarce resource…ready to send me or my kids or yours back to war over that resource once again. It is the most selfish position on planet earth to cower when a Solution or 2 or 3 is right in our grasp and we choose…

    Not to Lead…but to cower and follow our fossil fuel minders and masters in their never ending propaganda machine.

    RH Henkle
    West Point Class of 1989

    1. First, thank you very much for your service to this Nation.

      Second, you state:
      “There will continue to be rises each year of approximately 2ppm in CO2 at least until the middle of this century..”

      I have to question the 2 PPM (Parts Per Million) Number.

      Historically, as per NASA, the annual rate of CO2 PPM increase was very small, about 1 part in 200 (two hundred) MILLION PER YEAR in the Interglacial Period.

      The source is a Paper was entitled:
      “The role of long-lived greenhouse gases as principal LW [Long Wave] control knob that governs the global surface temperature for past and future climate change” – September 2013
      By ANDREW A. LACIS* PHD (Physics), JAMES E. HANSEN PHD (Physics), GARY L. RUSSELL PHD (Math), VALDAR OINAS and JEFFREY JONAS, http://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/abs/la06400p.html

      One divided by 200 is 0.005, so we say that, in between Ice Ages (the Interglacial Period) the rate of increase back then was 0.005 PPM a year. I understand that we do that since NOW — the rate is so HIGH we have to express it in Parts Per MILLION, not in Parts per 200 Million.

      About 3 months ago, NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Scientists in Hawaii were all excited and alarmed that, in 2015, the Global CO2 Level went up for the first time by 3 PPM for the year:

      “CO2 levels increasing at a faster rate than before

      “The annual growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) during 2015, above three parts per million (ppm) per year, was the largest ever recorded at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii, said climate researchers Wednesday.”
      (From: “RECORD ANNUAL INCREASE OF CARBON DIOXIDE OBSERVED FOR 2015”
      MARCH 10, 2016 ROB MONROE SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY –THE KEELING CURVE)
      https://scripps.ucsd.edu/programs/keelingcurve/2016/03/10/record-annual-increase-of-carbon-dioxide-observed-for-2015/

      I downloaded the NOAA CO2 Data for 1958 to 2016 into MS Excel, from https://www.co2.earth/monthly-co2 .

      I show for the years ending April 13 and April 15, 2016, the CO2 PPM increase was 4.06 and 4.41 PPM, respectively, the FIRST TIME in History (or in Pre-History) that CO2 went up by 4 PPM or more in a year. On April 15, 2016, CO2 was 408.56 PPM.

      Then on April 25, 2016, CO2 went up by 5.64 PPM, compared to a year ago. That was the FIRST time THAT ever happened. 5.64 PPM is over 56 times the Average Annual Rate of CO2 increase of 0.10 PPM, in the 100 years ending in 1880. 5.64 PPM is 1,128 times the above Interglacial Rate of 0.005 PPM per year.

      And on May 22, and May 23, 2016, we saw the first back-to-back CO2 PPM increases of 5 (five) PPM a year, of 5.39 and 5.29 PPM, respectively, compared to a year earlier. On May 23, 2016, CO2 was 408.86 PPM. (see co2.earth)

      Of course, we would still have a ways to go before reaching the CO2 level of the Planet Venus, 96% or 960,000 PPM.
      (960,000 PPM is 96% of one Million.) Per NOAA, the Earth’s Average Global Temperature in April 2016 was 14.8 Degrees Celsius (58.68 Degrees Fahrenheit) the Temperature on Venus is 864 Degrees “F” or 462.2 Degrees “C”)!

      So let’s hope we NEVER reach Venus’ Level!

      I know you understand that Humans are producing the CO2 that drives Climate Change. But bear with me a few minutes.

      Even a “non-Scientist” can think:
      The Earth is about 4.5 Billion Years old.

      CO2 has been around for about 3 Billion Years.

      Suppose that a “Natural” Annual Increase of CO2 PPM was 5 PPM or 4 PPM or even 3 PPM a year?

      Even at 3 PPM a year, after 1,000 years, the “natural” CO2 Level would go up by 3,000 PPM and today, rather than being around 407 PPM, the CO2 Level today would be 3,407 PPM! Even Donald Trump would say: “That’s YUUUUUUUUGE!”

      But suppose CO2 had increased at a supposedly “NATURAL” Annual Rate of 3 PPM a year, for, say, I don’t know, say for about 10,000 years. That’s an increase of 30,000 PPM! So today the CO2 Level would be 30,407 PPM and NOT 407 PPM.

      And that is with an increase of “only” three (3) PPM per year.

      320,000 years is very long compared to a Human Lifetime. But as a percentage of the Earth’s age, 320,000 years is only a little over 7/10ths of 1 percent of 1 percent of the Earth’s age of 4.5 BILLION years.

      But if our CO2 Level HAD increased by “only” 3 (three) PPM a year, for 320,000 years (or a little over 7/10ths of 1 percent of 1 percent of the Earth’s age of 4.5 BILLION years), then the Earth’s CO2 Level would have increased by “3 times 320,000” or 960,000 PPM and today our CO2 Level would be higher than Venus’, at 960,408 PPM for Earth and 960,000 for Venus.

      But then everyone on Earth would probably be dead.

      So when CO2 increases by 5 or 4 or even “only” 3 PPM a year, is it “Natural” or is it “Man-Made”?
      I know you are not a Denier, but if Deniers really THINK about it, they have to agree it HAS TO BE MAN-MADE.

      But then some Deniers can only make up Grade-School “jokes” like “Global Warming is full of GLO-BULL”, and words like “Libtards” and lack any real ability to understand the above. I might just as well have written it in Latin or Greek or Pashtun!

      And real scary thing is that people like that VOTE!

      Oklahoma’s Republican Senator James Inhofe famously (or IN-famously) threw a Snowball on the Senate Floor in February 2015, to “prove” that Man-Made Global Warming is a Liberal Hoax.

      Senator Inhofe thinks that if Man-Made Global Warming were “real”, then there would BE NO MORE SNOWBALLS, only Fireballs. And Senator Inhofe is Chairman of the Senate Environmental Committee, so he MUST be right, or just “right-wing”?

      I suppose I should never use the words “Senator Inhofe” and “thinks” in the same sentence.

      PS: Long posts are sometimes needed. I am verbose myself.
      But I find if you skip a line between paragraphs it makes the post a lot easier to read!

  5. Since a warming climate should allow plants to begin growing earlier each Spring, does the data reflect an earlier CO2 Maximum? If so, could this shift be used as a proxy for global temperature increase?

    1. Unfortunately, CO2 concentrations will never stop increase as activities generating this gas are linked with primary development and developped countries number will also increase (happily!).
      Nevertheless, it is possible to soften the trend by ordering facilities to treat their exhaust gas (as it is the case in developped countries), it has to be widespread over the world and established by a world authority in developping countries for their own benefit.

    2. I downloaded the NOAA CO2 Data for 1958 to 2016 into MS Excel, from https://www.co2.earth/monthly-co2

      The Data going back to 1958 shows that CO2 Peaks in May of each year. In 58 years, in every year but 2, the “May Peak” each year was greater than the May Peak of the previous year.

      I expect that to be the case for May 2016.

      In this El Nino year of 2016, I show that the CO2 PPM percentage increases are about 12.5% GREATER in the Jan through April 2016 period, compared to the same period of the 1998 El Nino year.

      And La Nina looks like she will be Transgendered into an EL NINO., giving La Nina some problems if she ever visits North Carolina!

  6. The die off in the seas upon which about 85% of most of the sea life depends has already started. The bleaching of the corals and the Great Barrier Reef are the penultimate signs of this. Once the zooplankton die off accelerates due to the increased acidity, (it has already begun) then virtually the whole of the marine food chain will collapse quite quickly. As usual this will hit the poorest nations and those who are least able to respond first and foremost. As a race, we should be thoroughly ashamed of ourselves for what we are doing to all the species on this one earth

  7. Hi. We have a spelling error … ” It is clear that other sites around the world where CO2 is meansured …”

    In any event if a rational body ISN’T getting truly frightened by now they must be incapable of reason. We are sooooooo screwed.

  8. I am sickened by the depth and depravity of many people I
    have met, and most of America’s politicians. I will note though
    that with the exception of a few, our modern politicians
    do a good job of smiling, and THAT is reassuring. ?
    Oh and they will have left office, before Washington
    is submerged.

  9. I think we need another chart somewhere between 2 and 60 years. Maybe since 2000? A rolling 10 or 20?

Comments are closed.