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Atlantic-induced pan-tropical climate change over the past three decades

Although recent studies of the global warming hiatus have focused on the Pacific effect, consistent with earlier studies our results suggest that the hiatus may ultimately be traced back to the warming in the tropical Atlantic. This teleconnection is aided by Indo-western Pacific adjustments as revealed in this study. Together, these studies show that the three tropical ocean basins are linked more closely than previously thought, and on decadal timescales the tropical oceans should be considered as a single entity. In addition to the well-known ENSO-induced tropical-wide response that is dominant on interannual timescales, this study highlights the role of the tropical Atlantic in initiating a different pan-tropical dipole pattern that is important on decadal timescales.

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