Benthic Invertebrate

Supporting biodiversity research in some of the ocean's most unexplored and extreme environments.

Learn more about the Benthic Invertebrate Collection

Dr. Greg Rouse

Our Collection

The Benthic Invertebrate Collection is a research repository housing 55,000+ lots, representing 800,000+ specimens and 7,600+ species from marine environments worldwide.

Collection Database Loan Policy

Recent Publications

Lau, S. C. Y., Strugnell, J. M., Sands, C. J., Silva, C. N. S., & Wilson, N. G. (2021). Evolutionary innovations in Antarctic brittle stars linked to glacial refugia. Ecology and Evolution, 11, 17428–17446. doi:10.1002/ece3.8376

Mongiardino Koch, N., Thompson, J. R., Hiley, A. S., McCowin, M. F., Armstrong, A. F., Coppard, S. E., Aguilera, F., Bronstein, O., Kroh, A., Mooi, R., and Rouse, G. W. (2022). Phylogenomic analyses of echinoid diversification prompt a re-evaluation of their fossil record. eLife 11, e72460. doi:10.7554/eLife.72460

Pearson, K. A. M., and Rouse, G. W. (2022). Vampire Worms; A revision of Galapagomystides (Phyllodocidae, Annelida), with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 5128, 451–485. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.5128.4.1

Tuttle, R. N., Rouse, G. W., Castro-Falcón, G., Hughes, C. C., and Jensen, P. R. (2022). Specialized metabolite-mediated predation defense in the marine actinobacterium Salinispora. Appl Environ Microbiol 88: e01176-21. doi:10.1128/AEM.01176-21

Our Work


SIO-BIC contributes to research on invertebrate diversity, including new species descriptions, global phylogenies, population genetics, and biogeography.

Research and Curation Projects
Collection Transfer Project


SIO-BIC materials are widely used in teaching at UC San Diego, as well as for public outreach directly from the collection and through Birch Aquarium at Scripps.

Education and Outreach


Specimens contained in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Benthic Invertebrate Collection date back to 1902, when Dr. William E. Ritter of the University of California Berkeley and summer students began conducting biological survey work from the Boathouse of the Hotel Del Coronado.

Read more about the history of the collection

Support the Collections

Friends of the Collections support the largest and most complete university-based oceanographic collection in the world, comprised of millions of biological and geological marine specimens. This library of the ocean’s history is a resource to researchers and students all over the world.

Join the Friends of the Collections

Contact Us

Staff background and contact information