One decade ago Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego embarked on a new quest. As the institution approached the celebration of its 100th anniversary, a new center was launched to push science at Scripps in a new direction as the institution prepared to dive into its second century of discovery.
When the Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation (CMBC) was launched in May 2001, marine ecologist Nancy Knowlton envisioned a center that would not only forge new ground in scientific discovery, but contribute to solutions relevant for the environment and society. To address rising threats such as pollution, overfishing and climate change, the center would stay rooted in biological and ecological sciences, but also forge new links with faculty and students in the social sciences, such as economics.
CMBC is celebrating its 10th anniversary with two events recognizing the past, present, and future of the center.
“I’ve spent my entire career studying biodiversity on the one hand and watching the health of marine ecosystems decline on the other. By the time I got to Scripps in 1998, I was really inspired to do something to bring these two themes together,” said Knowlton, now the Sant Chair of Marine Science at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. “Scripps was the perfect place to do this because it had—and has—such strength in both of these areas. More than anything, CMBC has provided the glue that makes the whole greater than the sum of its parts.”
Today, as CMBC celebrates its 10th anniversary, the center that Knowlton envisioned has exceeded expectations. From the coast of California to Baja California to uninhabited islands in the Central Pacific Ocean, CMBC scientists are making discoveries important not only for science but for the global community. CMBC-trained students continue to forge ahead with new science and contribute to marine conservation from positions in state and federal government and non-governmental organizations.
CMBC research focusing on Pacific Ocean atolls has been cited in policy documents that established the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument and two other monuments in 2009. These monuments are among the largest marine protected areas on the planet. CMBC scientists were instrumental in 2011 legislation to ban the sale, trade and possession of shark fins in California. And research published in 2011 based on a decade of surveys in the Gulf of California has proven that marine protected areas and underwater parks can revitalize once-depleted marine habitats.
“The original CMBC vision of integrating natural sciences and social sciences to promote sustainability and find solutions to the ocean’s pressing problems is alive and more relevant than ever,” said Lisa Levin, a Scripps professor of biological oceanography and CMBC’s current director. “CMBC’s participants from Scripps, UC San Diego and NOAA’s Southwest Fisheries Science Center represent an awesome intellectual resource. The students, researchers and faculty bring passion, creativity and tremendous knowledge to the task of sustaining a healthy ocean. A real challenge is to match the intellectual capital and new technological advances with financial and logistical resources.”
Looking to the future, Levin says the next decade will see CMBC striving to engage a large share of the region’s intellect, involve more members of the business and conservation communities, promote ocean literacy and stewardship principles and increase the center’s international reach.
Levin, whose research involves deep-sea exploration, says conservation of the marine environment is more important now than ever.
“In unexplored, pristine environments such as those found in parts of the deep sea, the values of most species remain undiscovered and their recovery from disturbance may be exceedingly slow or impossible,” said Levin. “Habitat protection, whether in shallow or deep water, is a critical element of ocean stewardship. As the famous oceanographer Ben Franklin said: ‘An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.’”
– Mario C. Aguilera