Projects and Labs

The XBT program- approaching Suva, Fiji

Projects and Labs


The Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes (CW3E)

Established in 2013, The Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes (CW3E) develops, deploys and operates observations, models and decision support tools to deal with too much or too little precipitation and runoff, including those associated with current and emerging socio-economic vulnerabilities and a changing environment.

California Nevada Applications Program (CNAP) and The California Climate Change Center (CCCC)

CNAP and CCCC aim to develop and provide better climate information and forecasts for decision makers in California, Nevada and the surrounding region.

Atmospheric Science

Project Surya- Fighting Climate Change Now

Project Surya aims to mitigate the regional impacts of global warming by immediately and demonstrably reducing atmospheric concentrations of black carbon, methane, and ozone. Project Surya will replace the highly polluting cookstoves traditionally employed in rural areas with clean-cooking technologies.

INDOEX- Indian Ocean Experiment

INDOEX addresses questions of climate change that are of high priority and of great value to the US and the international community. The project's goal is to study natural and anthropogenic climate forcing by aerosols and feedbacks on regional and global climate.

Atmospheric Aerosol Group

The Russell group develops models and analyzes observations to understand the microphysical and chemical evolution of aerosol particles in the atmosphere. Our aim is to characterize the role of atmospheric aerosols on the Earth's climate.

Physical Oceanography


Argo is a global array of 3,000 free-drifting profiling floats that measures the temperature and salinity of the upper 2000 m of the ocean.  This allows, for the first time, continuous monitoring of the temperature, salinity, and velocity of the upper ocean, with all databeing relayed and made publicly available within hours after collection.

Repeat Hydrography, The U.S. CO2/Repeat Hydrography Program

The U.S Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography Program carries out a systematic and global re-occupation of select WOCE/JGOFS hydrographic sections to quantify changes in storage and transport of heat, fresh water, carbon dioxide (CO2), and related parameters.

CCHDO- CLIVAR and Carbon Hydrographic Date Office

The CCHDO's primary mission is to deliver the highest possible quality global CTD and hydrographic data to users.

High Resolution XBT/XCTD Network

NOAA's Ships of Opportunity program allowed CASPO researchers to deploy XBT probes while crossing the oceans aboard commercial merchant vessels. The probes are launched every 10-40 km along the transects about four times a year with the temperature data made available at

Underwater Glider Spray

Spray is an underwater glider developed under ONR support by Scripps and Woods Hole scientists to provide a small long-range autonomous platform for long-term ocean measurements. Sprays generally operate for several months at a time. During these missions the glider collects data using it’s instruments, including CTD sensors (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth), fluorometers, ADPs (Acoustic Doppler Profiler), back scatter sensors, ISUS (Nitrate) units, altimeters and acoustic modems for communicating with subsurface moorings.

Global Drifter Program

A global array of 1250 satellite-tracked surface drifting buoys that provides in-situ observations of mixed layer currents, sea surface temperature, atmospheric pressure, winds and salinity. The GDP program also provides a data processing system for scientific use of these data.

Ocean Time Series Group

Specializes in oceanographic research (physical oceanography and interdisciplinary problems) with time series observations using moored sensors.

DIMES- Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean

DIMES is a US/UK field program aimed at measuring diapycnal and isopycnal mixing in the Southern Ocean, along the tilting isopycnals of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.